Fundamentals of Environmental and Toxicological Chemistry: Sustainable Science, Fourth Edition (4th New edition)

Fundamentals of Environmental and Toxicological Chemistry: Sustainable Science, Fourth Edition (4th New edition)

By: Stanley E. Manahan (author)Hardback

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Description

Fundamentals of Environmental and Toxicological Chemistry: Sustainable Science, Fourth Edition covers university-level environmental chemistry, with toxicological chemistry integrated throughout the book. This new edition of a bestseller provides an updated text with an increased emphasis on sustainability and green chemistry. It is organized based on the five spheres of Earth's environment: (1) the hydrosphere (water), (2) the atmosphere (air), (3) the geosphere (solid Earth), (4) the biosphere (life), and (5) the anthrosphere (the part of the environment made and used by humans). The first chapter defines environmental chemistry and each of the five environmental spheres. The second chapter presents the basics of toxicological chemistry and its relationship to environmental chemistry. Subsequent chapters are grouped by sphere, beginning with the hydrosphere and its environmental chemistry, water pollution, sustainability, and water as nature's most renewable resource. Chapters then describe the atmosphere, its structure and importance for protecting life on Earth, air pollutants, and the sustainability of atmospheric quality. The author explains the nature of the geosphere and discusses soil for growing food as well as geosphere sustainability. He also describes the biosphere and its sustainability. The final sphere described is the anthrosphere. The text explains human influence on the environment, including climate, pollution in and by the anthrosphere, and means of sustaining this sphere. It also discusses renewable, nonpolluting energy and introduces workplace monitoring. For readers needing additional basic chemistry background, the book includes two chapters on general chemistry and organic chemistry. This updated edition includes three new chapters, new examples and figures, and many new homework problems.

About Author

Stanley E. Manahan is a professor emeritus of chemistry at the University of Missouri-Columbia, where he has been on the faculty since 1965. He earned his AB in chemistry from Emporia State University in Kansas in 1960 and his Ph.D. in analytical chemistry from the University of Kansas in 1965. Since 1968, his primary research and professional activities have been in environmental chemistry, with recent emphasis on hazardous waste treatment. His latest research involves the gasification of wastes and sewage sludge and crop by-product biomass for energy production. Dr. Manahan has taught courses on environmental chemistry, hazardous wastes, toxicological chemistry, and analytical chemistry and has lectured on these topics throughout the United States as an American Chemical Society Local Sections tour speaker and in a number of countries, including France, Italy, Austria, Japan, Mexico, and Venezuela. He has written books on environmental chemistry, green chemistry, water chemistry, energy, general chemistry, environmental geology, the Anthropocene, climate change, environmental science, hazardous wastes and industrial ecology, toxicological chemistry, applied chemistry, and quantitative chemical analysis. Dr. Manahan is the author or coauthor of approximately 90 research articles.

Contents

Environmental Chemistry and the Five Spheres of the Environment What Is Environmental Chemistry? Environmental Relationships in Environmental Chemistry Environmental Spheres and Biogeochemical Cycles Earth's Natural Capital Environmental Chemistry and Green Chemistry As We Enter into the Anthropocene Questions and Problems Literature Cited Supplementary References Fundamentals of Biochemistry and Toxicological Chemistry Life Chemical Processes Biochemistry and the Cell Carbohydrates Proteins Lipids: Fats, Oils, and Hormones Nucleic Acids Enzymes Biochemical Processes in Metabolism Toxic Substances, Toxicology, and Toxicological Chemistry Toxicological Chemistry Kinetic Phase of Xenobiotic Metabolism Dynamic Phase of Toxicant Action Mutagenesis and Carcinogenesis Developmental Effects and Teratogenesis Toxic Effects on the Immune System Damage to the Endocrine System Health Hazards of Toxic Substances Structure-Activity Relationships in Toxicological Chemistry Toxicological Chemistry and Ecotoxicology Toxic Agents That May Be Used in Terrorist Attacks Questions and Problems Supplementary References Environmental and Toxicological Chemistry of the Hydrosphere H2O: Simple Formula, Remarkable Molecule Hydrosphere Occurrence of Water Water Supply and Availability Life and Its Influence on Environmental Chemistry in the Hydrosphere Environmental Chemistry of the Hydrosphere Acid-Base Phenomena in the Hydrosphere Solubility and Phase Interactions Oxidation-Reduction Metal Ions in Water Complexation and Speciation of Metals Toxicological Chemistry in the Hydrosphere Chemical Interactions with Organisms in the Hydrosphere Biodegradation in the Hydrosphere Questions and Problems Literature Cited Supplementary References Pollution of the Hydrosphere Nature and Types of Water Pollutants Elemental Pollutants Heavy Metals Metalloids Organically Bound Metals Inorganic Species as Water Pollutants Algal Nutrients and Eutrophication Acidity, Alkalinity, and Salinity Oxygen, Oxidants, and Reductants Organic Pollutants Pesticides in Water Polychlorinated Biphenyls Emerging Water Pollutants, Pharmaceuticals, and Household Wastes Radionuclides in the Aquatic Environment Toxicological Chemistry and Water Pollution Questions and Problems Literature Cited Supplementary References Sustaining the Hydrosphere More Important than Oil Greening of Water: Purification before and after Use Municipal Water Treatment Treatment of Water for Industrial Use Wastewater Treatment Removal of Solids Removal of Calcium and Other Metals Removal of Dissolved Organics Removal of Dissolved Inorganics Membrane Processes and Reverse Osmosis for Water Purification Water Disinfection Restoration of Wastewater Quality Natural Water Purification Processes Sludges and Residues from Water Treatment Water, the Greenest Substance on Earth: Reuse and Recycling Water Conservation Questions and Problems Literature Cited Supplementary References Environmental and Toxicological Chemistry of the Atmosphere Atmosphere: Air to Breathe and Much More Regions of the Atmosphere Atmospheric Composition Natural Capital of the Atmosphere Energy and Mass Transfer in the Atmosphere Meteorology, Weather, and Climate Atmospheric Inversions and Atmospheric Chemical Phenomena Climate, Microclimate, and Microatmosphere Atmospheric Chemistry and Photochemical Reactions Atmospheric Oxygen Atmospheric Nitrogen Atmospheric Water Atmospheric Particles Questions and Problems Literature Cited Supplementary References Pollution of the Atmosphere Pollution of the Atmosphere and Air Quality Pollutant Particles in the Atmosphere Inorganic Gas Pollutants Nitrogen Oxide Air Pollutants Sulfur Dioxide Air Pollution Acid-Base Reactions in the Atmosphere and Acid Rain Organic Air Pollutants Photochemical Smog Chlorofluorocarbons and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion Indoor Air Pollution and the Microatmosphere Questions and Problems Literature Cited Supplementary References Sustaining the Atmosphere: Blue Skies for a Green Earth Preserving the Atmosphere Greatest Threat: Global Climate Warming Dealing with Global Climate Change Control of Particle Emissions Control of Carbon Monoxide Emissions Control of Nitrogen Oxide Emissions Control of Sulfur Dioxide Emissions Control of Hydrocarbon Emissions and Photochemical Smog Biological Control of Air Pollution Controlling Acid Rain Limiting Stratospheric Ozone Depletion Questions and Problems Literature Cited Supplementary References Environmental and Toxicological Chemistry of the Geosphere Geosphere Chemical Composition of the Geosphere and Geochemistry Geosphere as a Source of Natural Capital Environmental Hazards of the Geosphere Water in and on the Geosphere Anthrospheric Influences on the Geosphere Geosphere as a Waste Repository Questions and Problems Literature Cited Supplementary References Soil: A Critical Part of the Geosphere Have You Thanked a Clod Today? Plant Nutrients and Fertilizers in Soil Soil and Plants Related to Wastes and Pollutants Soil Loss: Desertification and Deforestation Toxicological and Public Health Aspects of Soil Toxicological Considerations in Livestock Production Questions and Problems Literature Cited Supplementary References Sustaining the Geosphere Managing the Geosphere for Sustainability Sustaining the Geosphere in the Face of Natural Hazards Sustainable Development on the Geosphere's Surface Digging in the Dirt Extraction of Materials from Earth Sustainable Utilization of Geospheric Mineral Resources Toxicological Implications of Mineral Mining and Processing Sustaining the Geosphere to Manage Water Waste Disposal and the Geosphere Derelict Lands and Brownfields Sustaining Soil Questions and Problems Literature Cited Supplementary References Environmental and Toxicological Chemistry of the Biosphere Life and the Biosphere Organisms and Sustainable Science and Technology Life Systems Metabolism and Control in Organisms Reproduction and Inherited Traits Stability and Equilibrium of the Biosphere DNA and the Human Genome Biological Interaction with Environmental Chemicals Effects of the Anthrosphere on the Biosphere Questions and Problems Literature Cited Supplementary References Sustaining the Biosphere and Its Natural Capital Keeping Life Alive Natural Capital of the Biosphere Genetic Engineering Role of Human Activities in Preserving and Enhancing the Biosphere Preserving the Biosphere by Preserving the Atmosphere Preserving the Biosphere by Preserving the Hydrosphere Preserving the Biosphere by Preserving the Geosphere Questions and Problems Literature Cited Supplementary References Environmental and Toxicological Chemistry of the Anthrosphere Anthrosphere Industrial Ecology and Industrial Ecosystems Metabolic Processes in Industrial Ecosystems Life Cycles in Industrial Ecosystems Kinds of Products Environmental Impacts of the Anthrosphere Green Chemistry and the Anthrosphere Predicting and Reducing Hazards with Green Chemistry Atom Economy and the E Factor in Green Chemistry Catalysts and Catalysis in Green Chemistry Biocatalysis with Enzymes Energizing Chemical Reactions and Process Intensification Solvents and Alternate Reaction Media Feedstocks and Reagents Anthrosphere and Occupational Health Questions and Problems Literature Cited Supplementary References Anthrosphere, Pollution, and Wastes Wastes from the Anthrosphere Classification of Hazardous Substances and Wastes Sources of Wastes Flammable and Combustible Substances Reactive Substances Corrosive Substances Toxic Substances Physical Forms and Segregation of Wastes Environmental Chemistry of Hazardous Wastes Transport, Effects, and Fates of Hazardous Wastes Hazardous Wastes and the Anthrosphere Hazardous Wastes in the Geosphere Hazardous Wastes in the Hydrosphere Hazardous Wastes in the Atmosphere Hazardous Wastes in the Biosphere Hazardous Substances and Environmental Health and Safety Questions and Problems Literature Cited Supplementary References Industrial Ecology and Green Chemistry for Sustainable Management of the Anthrosphere Managing the Anthrosphere for Sustainability Feeding the Anthrosphere Key Feedstock: Abundant Elemental Hydrogen from Sustainable Sources Feedstocks from the Geosphere Biological Feedstocks Monosaccharide Feedstocks: Glucose and Fructose Hydrocarbons and Similar Materials from Sugars Cellulose Lignin Biosynthesis of Chemicals Direct Biosynthesis of Polymers Biorefineries and Biomass Utilization Green Chemistry and Industrial Ecology in Waste Management Recycling Hazardous Waste Treatment Processes Methods of Physical Treatment Chemical Treatment Photolytic Reactions Thermal Treatment Methods Biodegradation of Hazardous Wastes Preparation of Wastes for Disposal Ultimate Disposal of Wastes Leachate and Gas Emissions In Situ Treatment of Disposed Hazardous Wastes Questions and Problems Literature Cited Supplementary References Sustainable Energy: The Key to Everything Energy Problem Nature of Energy Sustainable Energy: Away from the Sun and Back Again Sources of Energy Used in the Anthrosphere: Present and Future Energy Devices and Conversions Green Technology and Energy Conversion Efficiency Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy Sources Petroleum Hydrocarbons and Natural Gas Liquids Natural Gas Coal Carbon Sequestration for Fossil Fuel Utilization Great Plains Synfuels Plant: Industrial Ecology in Practice to Produce Energy and Chemicals Nuclear Energy Geothermal Energy Sun: An Ideal, Renewable Energy Source Energy From Earth's Two Great Fluids in Motion Biomass Energy: An Overview of Biofuels and Their Resources Hydrogen as a Means to Store and Utilize Energy Combined Power Cycles Environmental Health Aspects of Energy Production and Utilization Questions and Problems Literature Cited Supplementary References Analytical Chemistry and Industrial Hygiene Analytical Chemistry Industrial Hygiene and Analytical Chemistry Categories of Workplace Hazards Chemical Hazards Workplace Sampling and Personal Monitoring Chemical Analysis Process Major Categories of Chemical Analysis Error and Treatment of Data Gravimetric Analysis Volumetric Analysis: Titration Spectrophotometric Methods of Analysis Electrochemical Methods of Analysis Chromatography Mass Spectrometry Automated Analyses Immunoassay Screening Total Organic Carbon in Water Measurement of Radioactivity in Water Analysis of Wastes and Solids Atmospheric Monitoring Analysis of Biological Materials and Xenobiotics Questions and Problems Literature Cited Supplementary References Fundamentals of Chemistry Science of Matter Elements Chemical Bonding Chemical Reactions and Equations Solutions Questions and Problems Literature Cited Supplementary References Organic Chemistry Organic Chemistry Hydrocarbons Using Lines to Show Structural Formulas Functional Groups Giant Molecules from Small Organic Molecules Questions and Problems Supplementary References Index

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9781466553163
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 614
  • ID: 9781466553163
  • weight: 1202
  • ISBN10: 1466553162
  • edition: 4th New edition

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