Fiber reinforced composite materials encompass a wide range of material classes from reinforced glasses, plastics, and rubbers through to more recently developed metals and ceramics. Fundamentals of Fibre Reinforced Composite Materials is a comprehensive and authoritative book that introduces the topic with a brief history of composite development, a review of composite applications, the types of fibre used, and their respective indiviual properties. An entire chapter considers organic matrices and their behavior, reviewing all of the most commonly encountered polymer matrix systems. Composite manufacturing techniques are then discussed, including those methods employed in the production of advanced metal and ceramic matrix composites.
The remaining chapters are devoted primarily to theoretical treatments of composite behavior, with emphasis on the understanding of damage mechanisms such as cracking, delamination, and fibre breakage. Where a mathematical approach is required, an attempt is made to relate the sometimes rather abstract notions back at the structure of the material being discussed.
With extensive sets of sample problems accompanying each chapter, Fundamentals of Fibre Reinforced Composite Materials is ideally suited to undergraduate and graduate students of materials science, structural, mechanical, and aeronautical engineering, polymer science, metallurgy, physics and chemistry. It will also be of use as a reference to researchers working with composite materials and material scientists in general.
Introduction Production and Markets Applications Conclusions Bibliography Revision Exercises Fibre Reinforcements Fibre Development Organic Fibres Glass Fibres Chemical Vapor Deposition Monofilaments Carbon Fibes Alumina-based Fibres SiC-based Fibres Continuous Monocrystalline Filaments Whiskers Statistical Analysis of Fibre Properties Conclusion Revision Exercises References Organic Matrices Introduction Resin Structure Matrix Mechanical Behavior Thermosetting Matrix Systems Thermoplastic Matrix Materials Properties of Fibre Reinforced Composites Conclusions Revision Exercises References Composite Manufacturing Processes Introduction Reinforcements Resin Matrix Processes Metal Matrix Composite Manufacture Carbon-carbon Composites Ceramic Matrix Composites Revision Exercises References Constitutive Relations of a Continuum and Their Applications to Composite Behavior Introduction Principle of Determinism Principle of Local Action Principle of Material Frame-indifference Thermodynamically Admissible Processes Anisotropic Linear Elastic Materials Material Symmetry Monoclinic Material Orthotropic Material Transversally Isotropic Material Isotropic Materials Plane Stress Assumption Transformation of Stresses and Strains Transformed Constitutive Law of Lamina Conclusion Revision Exercises Reference Micromechanical Models of Composite Behavior Introduction Principles of Homogenization Theory of "Effective Moduli" Methods Effective Moduli: The Rule of Mixtures "Self-consistent" Models "Bounding" Methods The "Averaging Method" for a Periodic Medium Conclusion Revision Exercises References Micromechanisms of Reinforcement and Failure Fibre-matrix Load Transfer Unidirectional reinforcement Off-axis Loading Crossplied Composites Reinforcement Efficiency of a Crossplied Composite Compressive Behavior Short fibre Composites Failure of a Composite The Process of Crack Propagation Conclusion Revision Exercises References Theory and Analysis of Laminated Composites Basic Lamina and Laminated Structures First-Order Two-Dimensional Analysis Three-Dimensional Approach Conclusions Revision Exercises Failure Criteria for Composites Introduction The Ply Strength Constants Maximum Stress Criterion and Strain Criterion Quadratic Criterion in Stress Space or in Strain Space Transformation Equations for Failure Criteria Progressive Ply Failures in Laminates Physical Failure Mechanisms in Composite Materials Conclusions Revision Exercises References Damage in Composites: From Physical Mechanisms to Modeling Failure Criteria Based on a Multi-scale Approach Intra-ply Cracking or Multiple Transverse Cracking Inter-ply Cracking: Delamination Fibre Breakage Conclusion Revision Exercises References The Long-Term Behavior of Composite Materials Introduction The Effects of Long-term Mechanical Loading on Advanced Fibre Composites Fatigue Deterioration of Composites Environmental Aging Corrosion of Metal Matrix Composites Ceramic Matrix Composites Conclusions Revision Exercises References