With the exploration of the oceans, the applications of ocean acoustics has become increasingly numerous and important. This book provides an up-to-date introduction to the theory of sound propagation in the ocean, with new material having been added throughout the second edition. It includes both ray and wave treatments and considerable attention is paid to stochastic problems such as the scattering of sound at rough surfaces and random inhomogeneties. An introductory chapter that discusses the basic experimental data complements the following theoretical chapters.
The ocean as an acoustical medium; ray theory of the sound field in the ocean; reflection of sound from the surface and bottom of the ocean; plane waves; reflection of sound from the surface and bottom of the ocean; point source; propagation of sound in shallow water; underwater sound channel (USC); range-dependent waveguide; antiwave guide sound propagation; scattering of sound at rough surfaces; sound propagation in the random ocean; scattering and absorption of sound by gas bubbles in water.