Written for graduate students, researchers, and practitioners, this book provides a complete introduction to the science, engineering, and commercial applications of polymer-clay nanocomposites. Starting with a discussion of general concepts, the authors define specific terms used in the field, providing newcomers with a strong foundation to the area. The physical and mechanical properties of polymer-clay nanocomposites are then described, with chapters on thermodynamics and kinetics, engineering properties, barrier properties, and flame retardancy. Mechanisms underpinning observed effects, such as UV resistance, solvent resistance, and hardness, are also explained. In-depth discussions of clay and clay surface treatment, fabrication, and characterization of nanocomposites are provided, and particular emphasis is placed on the proper use and interpretation of analytical techniques, helping readers to avoid artifacts in their own work. With commercial applications discussed throughout, and experimental results connected with theory, this is an ideal reference for those working in polymer science.
Gary Beall is an Associate Professor in the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry at Texas State University, San Marcos and Director of the Center for Nanophase Research. He was awarded his Ph.D. in Physical Chemistry from Baylor University in 1975, and has since gained over 20 years of industry experience, co-edited the first book on polymer/clay nanocomposites, and authored numerous technical papers and two book chapters. Clois E. Powell is Associate Director of the Center for Nanophase Research at Texas State University, San Marcos, where he has worked since 2004. After receiving his Ph.D. in Organic Chemistry from Rutgers University in 1979 he gained over 20 years of professional experience at companies including Southern Clay Products Inc. and The Sherwin Williams Company.
1. Introduction; 2. Thermodynamics and kinetics of polymer-clay nanocomposites; 3. Analytical methods in nanocomposites; 4. Gas diffusion characteristics of polymer-clay nanocomposites; 5. Engineering properties of polymer-clay nanocomposites; 6. Variables associated with polymer-clay processing compared with reinforcement theory; 7. The effect of polymer type of polymer-clay nanocomposites; 8. Flame retardancy in polymer-clay nanocomposites.