Fundamentals of the Physical Environment has established itself as a well-respected core introductory book for students of physical geography and the environmental sciences. Taking a systems approach, it demonstrates how the various factors operating at Earth's surface can and do interact, and how landscape can be used to decipher them. The nature of the earth, its atmosphere and its oceans, the main processes of geomorphology and key elements of ecosystems are also all explained. The final section on specific environments usefully sets in context the physical processes and human impacts.
This fourth edition has been extensively revised to incorporate current thinking and knowledge and includes:
a new section on the history and study of physical geography
an updated and strengthened chapter on climate change (9) and a strengthened section on the work of the wind
a revised chapter (15) on crysosphere systems - glaciers, ice and permafrost
a new chapter (23) on the principles of environmental reconstruction
a new joint chapter (24) on polar and alpine environments
a key new joint chapter (28) on current environmental change and future environments
new material on the Earth System and cycling of carbon and nutrients
themed boxes highlighting processes, systems, applications, new developments and human impacts
a support website at www.routledge.com/textbooks/9780415395168 with discussion and essay questions, chapter summaries and extended case studies.
Clearly written, well-structured and with over 450 informative colour diagrams and 150 colour photographs, this text provides students with the necessary grounding in fundamental processes whilst linking these to their impact on human society and their application to the science of the environment.
Peter Smithson is former Senior Lecturer in the Department of Geography at the University of Sheffield. His research interests include: precipitation climatology (applications in UK, Sri Lanka and Brazil); cave climatology; and climate change, especially in semi-arid environments. He has over 50 publications, and over 40 refereed research papers in journals. Ken Addison is Senior Lecturer at the School of Applied Sciences, University of Wolverhampton, and Fellow and Tutor in Physical Geography at St Peter's College, University of Oxford. His research interests include: Quaternary stratigraphy and geomorphology, with special interest in Wales; geotechnical and geomorphological studies of recent and contemporary slope stability; earth science conservation strategy and practice; and Medieval environmental change. Ken Atkinson is former Senior Lecturer in Geography at the University of Leeds. His research interests include: soil science; ecosystems; and resource management. He has worked on environmental management in Canada for a number of years, and has co-organised six international conferences on Canadian resource management and planning.
Part 1: Fundamentals 1. The Physical Environment: Scientific Concepts and Methods 2. Energy and Earth Part 2: Atmosphere 3. Heat and Energy in the Atmosphere 4. Moisture in the Atmosphere 5. Precipitation and Evapotranspiration 6. The Atmosphere in Action 7. Weather-Forming Systems 8. Micro and Local Climates 9. Climate Change Part 3: Geosphere 10. Earth's Geological Structure and Processes 11. The Global Ocean 12. Rock Formation and Deformation 13. Denudation, Weathering and Mass Wasting 14. Fluvial Systems: Catchments and Rivers 15. Cryosphere Systems: Glaciers, Ice and Permafrost 16. Aeolian Systems 17. Global Coastlines Part 4: Biosphere 18. Soils in their Environment 19. Soil Fertility and Sustainability 20. Principles of Biogeography 21. The Earth System and the Cycling of Carbon and Nutrients 22. Biodiversity in Ecosystems Part 5: Environments 23. Environmental Reconstruction: Principles and Practice 24. Polar and Alpine Environments 25. Mediterranean Environments 26. Tropical Deserts and Semi-Arid Environments 27. Humid Tropical Environments 28. Current and Future Environmental Change