"An admirable ruse, indeed! To inspire in me the horror of females, only to throw it in my face and say: but this is what you are."The handsome, heroic heir to a vast estate, raised as a man to follow a man's pursuits and to despise women, is devastated to learn at the age of seventeen that he is in fact a she. Gabriel courageously refuses to give up her male privileges, and her tragic struggle to work and fight and love in all the ways she knows how offers a window into the obstacles faced by George Sand, the prolific intellectual woman whom the popular press portrayed as a promiscuous, cigar-smoking oddity in trousers. "Strange that the most virile talent of our time should be a woman's!" exclaimed a reviewer in 1838.Kathleen Robin Hart's introduction contextualizes the drama, discussing its relation to the theater of Sand's day, the sentimental tradition, the subversive workings of carnival and masquerade, and the vein of literary androgyny in Romantic works.
Kathleen Robin Hart is associate professor of French and Francophone studies at Vassar College. Her publications include Revolution and Women's Autobiography in Nineteenth-Century France (Rodopi), articles, book reviews, and, with Paul Fenouillet, an English translation of George Sand's 1839 novel in dramatic form, Gabriel(Modern Language Association "Texts and Translations Series," 2010). In addition to being a poet and translator, Paul Fenouillet is a lecturer in the department of Languages, Literatures and Cultures at SUNY New Paltz. Recent publications include short collections of poems, Tout oroeilles and Dissipation, and translations with Mich le Duclos of poetry by Paige Ackerson-Kiely. Earlier publications include an article on the French underground press in Contemporary French & Francophone Studies; poetry in reviews and anthologies; and translation with Robert DeMaria, Jr. of poetry by Rose-C leste Bache.