This first of two volumes on ancient Galilee provides general surveys of modern studies of Galilee and of Galilean history followed by specialized studies on taxation, ethnicity, religious practices, road system, trade and markets, education, health, village life, houses, and the urban-rural divide. The volume draws on the expertise of archaeologists, historians, biblical scholars, and social-science interpreters; Christians, Jews, and secular scholars; North Americans, Europeans, and Israelis; and those who have devoted a significant amount of time and energy in this research, especially those who have excavated in Galilee for many years. A key goal of this volume and its companion volume devoted to the archaeological record of towns and villages is to make this information easily accessible to New Testament scholars and Mishnah scholars not familiar with these materials while also usable to the average interested reader. This book includes several images, figures, charts, and maps.
David A. Fiensy is professor of New Testament and dean of the Graduate School of Religions at Kentucky Christian University in Grayson, Kentucky. James Riley Strange is associate professor of religion at Samford University in Birmingham, Alabama and director of the Shikhin Excavation Project in Israel's Lower Galilee.
Preface; 1. Introduction-David A. Fiensy and James Riley Strange; 2. Galilee and the Historical Jesus in Recent Research-Roland Deines; 3. The Political History in Galilee from the 1st Century BCE to the end of the 2nd Century CE-Morten Horning Jensen; 4. Religious Practices and Religious Movements in Galilee: 100 BCE-200 CE- Roland Deines; 5. The Ethnicities of Galilee-Mark Chancey; 6. The Synagogues of Galilee-Lee I. Levine; 7. Notable Galilean Persons-Scott Caulley; 8. Social Movements in Galilee-Richard Horsley; 9. The Galilean Village in the Late Second Temple and Mishnaic Periods-David A. Fiensy; 10. Household Judaism in Galilee-Andrea Berlin; 11. The Galilean House in the Late Second Temple and Mishnaic Periods-David A. Fiensy; 12. Mortality, Morbidity, and Economics in Jesus' Galilee-Jonathan Reed; 13. Education/Literacy in Jewish Galilee: Was There Any and at What Level?-John C. Poirier; 14. The Galilean Road System-James F. Strange; 15. Urbanization and Industry in Mishnaic Galilee-Ze'ev Safrai; 16. Never the Two Shall Meet? Urban-Rural Interaction in Lower Galilee-Agnes Choi; 17. Inner Village Life in Galilee: A Diverse and Complex Phenomenon-Sharon Lea Mattila; 18. Debate: Was the Galilean Economy Oppressive or Prosperous-Doug Oakman and Andrew Overman; 19. Taxation and Other Sources of Government Income in the Galilee of Herold and Antipas-Fabian Udoh; Index of Primary Sources.