Genghis Khan was the legendary founder of the Mongol empire and one of the greatest warrior-rulers in history. His armies breached the Great Wall of China and captured Peking. They crushed all resistance in Central Asia, Afghanistan, Persia and Southern Russia by ruthless massacres and pillage. Between 1237 and 1242 they invaded Europe. The speed and scale of their conquests - and the gruesome mounds of skulls they left behind them - have ensured Genghis Khan a place in the popular imagination. Paying particular attention to the Mongol invasion of Europe, this book analyzes how Genghis Khan was able to unite the primitive Mongol tribes of the harsh Siberian steppes and organize them into highly mobile and disciplined squadrons which he used with devastating effect against his opponents.
Leo de Hartog is a Dutch specialist on Mongol history.
Part 1 Mongolia on the eve of the birth of Asia's greatest son - geography and climate; the tribes; Mongol society. Part 2 The rise of a young chief of the Borjigins - the emergence of an obscure tribe; the beginning of the elimination process. Part 3 Ruler of all tribes living in felt tents - the final overthrow of the Ong-Khan; west Mongolia yields to the new master; power and suspicion. Part 4 The Yasa - Genghis Khan's code of laws. Part 5 The Mongol army - organization; the Mongol cavalryman and the method of warfare; the strength of the Mongol army. Part 6 The rapacious barbarians at China's northern frontier - the art-loving sung buy peace; a careful beginning - the attack on Hsi-Hsia; the war without an end; Victor and vanquished. Part 7 The prelude - the rise of the Khwarazm shahs; contacts between the ruler of the west and the ruler of the east; the 'liberation' of east Turkestan; Ogodei, the successor to the throne. Part 8 The hurricane from the east - a giant with feet of clay; transoxiana overrun; the pursuit of Sultan Muhammad II; the destruction of the work of centuries. Part 9 The great raid - the cavalcade of terror; the first Mongol invasion of Russia. Part 10 After the storm - the world conqueror and the mountain savage; a broken world left behind. Part 11 The last campaign. Part 12 The world conqueror and his empire - the world conqueror; the empire. Part 13 In the footsteps of the father - the inheritance; the new ruler; the reconquest of Persia and Caucasia; the war in China continues; the martyrdom of the Korean people. Part 14 The Mongol invader in Europe - the end of the old Russia; central Europe on the edge of the abyss; the return to Mongolia. Part 15 The last phase of unity - "Toregene was a very shrewd and capable woman"; the apostolic nuncio; twilight of the Ogodeids.