Geographical Information and Climatology

Geographical Information and Climatology

By: Pierre Carrega (editor)Hardback

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Description

This book includes two parts. The first part is more theoretical and general, and it covers fundamental principles: geospatial climate data measurement; spatial analysis, mapping and climate; geographical information, remote sensing and climatology; and geographical information for initialisation of forecasting and climate models. The second part describes geographical information used in various climate applications of importance today, related to risk: urban climate; air pollution; hydrological problems linked to climatology; forest fires.

About Author

Pierre Carrega is Professor at Universit de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, France.

Contents

Preface vii Chapter 1. Basics of Climatological and MeteorologicalObservations for GIS Applications 1 Wolfgang SCHOENER 1.1. Data measurements and observations in climatology 2 1.2. Data quality control and data homogenization in climatology12 1.3. Metadata: documenting quality and usability 20 1.4. Future perspectives 25 1.5. Bibliography 26 Chapter 2. Spatial Analysis, Cartography and Climate29 Daniel JOLY 2.1. Introduction 29 2.2. Geographic information necessary for interpolation 32 2.3. The main interpolation methods 36 2.4. Geographic information used in statistical interpolations:advantages and disadvantages 42 2.5. Conclusion 67 2.6. Bibliography 69 Chapter 3. Geographical Information, Remote Sensing andClimatology 73 Vincent DUBREUIL 3.1. Introduction 73 3.2. The development phases of meteorological satellites 74 3.3. Examples of how geostationary data are used in Brazil85 3.4. Examples of NOAA-AVHRR data used in Western France 92 3.5. Conclusion 99 3.6. Acknowledgements 100 3.7. Bibliography 100 Chapter 4. Geographical Information for the Initialization ofNumerical Weather Forecast Models and Climate Modeling103 Pierre BESSEMOULIN 4.1. Introduction 103 4.2. Brief description of the climate system 103 4.3. Brief overview of numerical weather forecast models 107 4.4. Role and description of the Earth s surface 111 4.5. Description of surface parameters used in a forecast model119 4.6. Bibliography 123 Chapter 5. Assessing and Modeling the Urban Climate in Lisbon125 Maria Joao ALCOFORADO 5.1. Introduction 125 5.2. Historical evolution of urban climate studies 126 5.3. Spatial scales 127 5.4. Climatic modifications induced by settlements 128 5.5. Urban climate monitoring methods 130 5.6. Modeling 134 5.7. Modeling Lisbon s urban climate at the mesoscale135 5.8. Modeling Lisbon s urban climate at the microscale(Telheiras city-district) 144 5.9. Conclusion 152 5.10. Acknowledgements 153 5.11. Bibliography 154 Chapter 6. Geographical Information, Climate and AtmosphericPollution 159 Isabelle ROUSSEL 6.1. Introduction 159 6.2. Peak pollution periods and alerts: pollution and climateparoxysm 161 6.3. LAURE and territory age 171 6.4. The geography of science and action 180 6.5. Conclusion 190 6.6. Bibliography 191 Chapter 7. Geographical Information and Climatology forHydrology 195 Jean-Pierre LABORDE 7.1. Hydrological problems of today s society 195 7.2. Pluviometry: a spatially continuous piece of geographicalinformation 200 7.3. The problems associated with recording rainfall and averagespatial rainfall 218 7.4. Conclusion 228 7.5. Bibliography 229 Chapter 8. Geographical Information, Climatology and ForestFires 233 Pierre CARREGA 8.1. Forest fires: associated risks and individual components233 8.2. The influence that different climate and weather factorshave on forest fires: the indexes 238 8.3. Using geographic information to work out the meteorologicalrisks associated with forest fires 246 8.4. Conclusion List of Authors 271 Index 273

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9781848211858
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 286
  • ID: 9781848211858
  • weight: 586
  • ISBN10: 1848211856

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  • Saver Delivery: Yes
  • 1st Class Delivery: Yes
  • Courier Delivery: Yes
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