Geography: History and Concepts (4th Revised edition)

Geography: History and Concepts (4th Revised edition)

By: Arild Holt-Jensen (author)Hardback

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Now in a fourth edition, this standard student reference has been totally revised and updated. It remains the definitive introduction to the history, philosophy, and methodology of human geography; now including a detailed explanation of key ideas in human geography's post-modernist and post-structuralist 'turns'. The book is organized into six sections: * What is Geography?: an introduction to the discipline, and a discussion of its organization and basic research approaches, informed by the question 'what difference does it make to think geographically?' * Foundations of Geography: an examination of geography from Antiquity to the 1950s, with a special focus on human?environment relations * Geography 1950-1980: a critical review of the development of geography as a spatial science * Paradigms and Revolutions: an analysis of paradigm shifts in geography, that introduces students to key debates in the philosophy of science * Positivism and its Critics: a detailed discussion of positivism, critical theory, humanistic geography, behavioural geography, and structuralism * New Trends and Ideas developing critical responses: structuration theory, realism, post-structuralism, post-modernism, feminism and actor-network theory. It also explores new research tools, such as satellite photos and GIS, and discusses future prospects for geographic research. This text explores complex ideas in an intelligible and accessible style. Illustrated throughout with research examples and explanations in text boxes, questions for discussion at the end of each chapter and a concept glossary, this is the essential student companion to the discipline which will continue to be the A-Z resource for undergraduate students.

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What is Geography? Introduction Exploration and the cosmographic tradition A science of synthesis A modeloriented approach Local responses to global processes; deviations from the models in focus An organizational plan of geography A new synthesis? Homo geographicus Specialization and pluralism The Foundation of Geography Geography in the ancient world Middle Ages and the Renaissance Varenius The philosopher, Immanuel Kant The 'classical' period From cosmography to an institutionalized discipline Darwinism The social anarchists Geomorphology and physiography provide academic respect Environmental determinism and possibilism The French school of regional geography Landscapes and regions Regional studies in Britain Geography 1950S-1980S; 30 Years of Progress Changing job market The development of applied geography A discipline ripe for change The growth of 'spatial science' Critics of the spatial science school The achievements of spatial science Paradigms and Revolutions Kuhn's paradigms Critics of Kuhn Induction, deduction and abduction Changing paradigms in geography? An idiographic or nomothetic science? Absolute and relative space What kind of revolution? A 'critical' revolution? Rerolution or evolution? Positivism and its Critics Positivism and critical theory The development of positivism Principles in positivism Criticisms of positivism Dialectics, Hegel and Marx; breaking down binaries Science as a force transforming society Practical consequences for research Geography and empiricism The positivism of spatial science Humanistic approaches Behavioural and welfare geography Structuralism New Trends and Ideas Developed in the Last Decades Structuration theory Realism Agency, structures and actor-network theory Post-structuralism Post-modernism Gender and feminist geography New tools in geographical research; satellite photos and GIS To unite a vernacular and an academic definition of geography Conclusions References and Bibliography Author and Personality Index Glossary and Subject Index

Product Details

  • publication date: 24/09/2009
  • ISBN13: 9781412946490
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 280
  • ID: 9781412946490
  • ISBN10: 1412946492
  • edition: 4th Revised edition

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