Bridges the Gap between Geology and Ground Engineering
High-quality geological models are crucial for ground engineering projects, but many engineers are not always at ease with the geological terminology and analysis presented in these models, nor with their implications and limitations. Project engineers need to have a sound comprehension of the geological models presented to them, and to be able to discuss the models in so far as they might impinge on the design, safety and possible budgetary or time constraints of the project. They should also fully understand how site investigation data and samples are used to develop and substantiate geological models.
Geology for Ground Engineering Projects provides a comprehensive presentation of, and insight into, the critical geological phenomena that may be encountered in many engineering projects, for example rock contact relationships, weathering and karst phenomena in tropical areas, composition of fault zones and variability of rock discontinuities. Examples are provided from around the world, including Southeast Asia, Europe, North and South America, China and India.
Comprehensive and well-illustrated, this definitive book:
Describes the important geological phenomena that could affect ground engineering projects
Provides a practical knowledge-base for relevant geological processes
Addresses common geological issues and concerns
Rocks are described in relation to the environment of their formation, highlighting the variation in composition, distribution and geotechnical properties that can be expected within a variety of rock associations. Case studies, where geology has been a vital factor, are included. These are written by the project engineers or geologists responsible for the projects. Geology for Ground Engineering Projects is well illustrated with color diagrams and photographs. Readers are directed to satellite images of selected areas to explore for themselves many of the geological features described in this book.
Chris J. N. Fletcher is a consulting geologist based in Wales. He graduated from St Andrew's University in Scotland, and then moved to Canada to complete an MSc at Queen's University and a PhD at the University of British Columbia. Most of his career has been with the British Geological Survey, both in the UK and overseas. He then became director of the Hong Kong Geological Survey and later managed his own geological consulting company. He was an Honorary Professor at universities in Hong Kong and China, where he presented graduate and professional development courses.
Introduction Framework of the Book The Geological Model Site Investigation Samples Geological Fundamentals Engineering Considerations Geological Time Plate Tectonics Sea Level Changes Geological Histories Stratigraphic Nomenclature Geological Maps Engineering Considerations Types of Geological Map Making a Geological Map Geological Map Interpretation Sedimentary Rocks Engineering Considerations Sedimentary Environments Diagenesis Sedimentary Rock Characteristics Clastic Sedimentary Rocks Biological Sedimentary Rocks Chemical Sedimentary Rocks Intrusive Igneous Rocks Engineering Considerations Composition of Intrusive Igneous Rocks Texture and Fabric of Intrusive Igneous Rocks Plutonic Rocks Dyke Rocks Extrusive Igneous Rocks Engineering Considerations Geometry of Volcanic Deposits Composition of Volcanic Rocks Lavas Pyroclastic Deposits Structures within Hot Volcanic Rocks Lahars Fumaroles Metamorphic and Hydrothermal Rocks Engineering Considerations Contact Metamorphism Dynamic Metamorphism Hydrothermal Alteration Veins Faults Engineering Considerations Fault Geometry Fault Systems, Arrays and Zones Fault Composition Discontinuities Engineering Considerations Compositional Layering Joints Joint Characteristics Foliation Folds Engineering Considerations Fold Nomenclature Fold Classification Fold Geometry Transposition Structures Weathered Rocks Engineering Considerations Saprolite Duricrust Weathering Profiles Weathering Characteristics Clays in the Weathering Profile Karst Engineering Considerations Karst Morphology Karst Deposits Superficial Deposits Engineering Considerations Alluvium Colluvium Shallow-Water Marine Deposits Windblown Deposits Lake Deposits Evaporite Deposits Glacial Deposits Peat References