This first book to focus on cultural diversity as a key element of sustainable development in the context of science and engineering provides cross-disciplinary information and assistance in understanding our world in transition. As such, it furnishes the global scientific community and decision makers in governmental and non-governmental institutions as well as in industry with much-needed information on how the various factors affecting sustainable development - including culture - depend on and interfere with each other. Featuring a contribution by the President of the Club of Rome, HRH Prince El Hassan bin Talal, this is vital reading for all (natural) scientists, engineers, economists, ecologists, environmental organizations, and consultants.
Professor Peter A. Wilderer is in charge of the Institute an Advanced Studies on Sustainability, funded by the European Academy of Sciences and Arts. He teaches at the German Institute of Science and Technology, Singapore, in Industrial Ecology and Industrial Chemistry. Besides he serves as honorary professor at the Advanced Wastewater Management Center of the University of Queensland, Australia. In 2003, he received the Stockholm Water Prize 2003. He has authored and co-authored over 300 scientific publications. Professor Edward D. Schroeder is a member of the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering of the University of California, Davis. He has authored or co-authored over 120 papers and two textbooks on various aspects of environmental engineering. Professor Horst Kopp is working at the Institute for Geography at the Friederich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany. He is co-editor of The Arab World Geographer.
Preface. List of Contributors. Key Note Address. 1 History and Mandate of Sustainability: From Local Forestry to Global Policy. 1.1 Sustainability: Key Word in the Today's Policy Discussion. 1.2 History and Definitions of "Sustainability". 1.2.1 Development of the Technical Terminus in Forestry. 1.2.2 Application in Environmental Politics. 1.2.3 The Definition of "Sustainability" - A Social Negotiation Process on Local and Global Levels? 1.3 Experiences from Forestry and Transfer into other Economic Fields - Possibilities and Limits. 1.3.1 Peculiarities of Forest Ecosystems and Forest Management. 1.3.2 Concept of Industrial Ecology. 1.3.3 Limits in Transferring the Forestry Model to other Economic Sectors. 1.3.4 Approximation to the Ideal "Sustainability". 1.4 Conclusion. Acknowledgement. References. 2 Sustainable Development: Exploring the Cross-Cultural Dimension. 2.1 Introduction. 2.2 Perspectives on Sustainable Development. 2.3 Prerequisites for Sustainable Development. 2.4 Sustainability: Essentials for a Realistic Cross-Cultural Concept. 2.5 Qualitative Growth as a Prerequisite for Sustainable Development. 2.6 Outlook. References. 3 Sustainable Development and Cultural Diversity. 3.1 Introduction. 3.2 The Vertical vs. Horizontal Dimension of Sustainability. 3.3 The Relevance of Cultural Diversity. 3.4 Globalization and Cultural Diversity. 3.5 Agricultural Sector. 3.6 Media Industry. 3.7 Tourism. 3.8 Conclusion. References. 4 Technological Progress in Different Cultures and Periods: Historical Evolution Projected into the Future. 4.1 Introduction. 4.2 Historical Perspective. 4.2.1 Why and Where Technological Progress? 4.2.2 Religious and Secular Approaches. 4.2.3 Perception of Nature as an Obstacle to Technical Progress. 4.2.4 Enlightenment: A Step towards Modern Times. 4.3 Modernity and the Sustainability Concept. 4.3.1 The Twentieth Century. 4.3.2 The Twenty-first Century. 4.4 In Search of a Coherent Evolution of Technology: Past and Future. 4.5 Conclusions. References. 5 Views of Sustainability: Elements of a Synthesis. 5.1 Introduction. 5.2 Definitions. 5.2.1 The Weak Version. 5.2.2 The Strong Version. 5.2.3 Alternative Views and Discussion. 5.3 Accounting for SD. 5.4 The Hartwick-Solow Rule. 5.5 Substitutability and the Role of Technical Progress. 5.6 Catastrophe Points. 5.7 Summary Classification of Economic Models. 5.8 Discount Rate. 5.9 Discussion. References. 6 A New Way of Thinking about Sustainability, Risk and Environmental Decision-Making. 6.1 Introduction. 6.2 Complicated Technology vs. Complex Technology. 6.3 Errors in Thinking and Attitudes. 6.4 The Current View of Sustainability and Risk Analysis. 6.5 A New View of Sustainability. 6.6 An Expanded View of Risk. 6.7 An Expanded Process of Environmental Decision Making. 6.8 Conclusions. References. 7 Humility and Establishing the Sustainable Environment. 7.1 Introduction. 7.2 Pristine Environments and Preservation. 7.3 Specieism. 7.4 Where Do We Go/How Do We Get There? 7.5 Conclusions. Acknowledgment. References. 8 Conflicts and Conflict-solving as Chances to Make the Concept of Sustainable Development Work. 8.1 Sustainability as a Conflict-generating Vision. 8.2 Approaches to Conflict Resolution. 8.3 The Integrative Concept of Sustainable Development as a Framework for Cultural Conflict Resolution. 8.3.1 The Integrative Concept - An Overview. 8.3.2 Conclusions Drawn for Cultural Conflict Management. 8.4 Research Perspectives. 8.5 Summary. References. 9 Sustainability through Science-Technology-Society Education. 9.1 Introduction. 9.2 What is Science-Technology-Society Education? 9.2.1 STS and Sustainability. 9.3 Sample Educational Topics Involving the Everglades. 9.3.1 A Sample Instructional Activity. 9.4 Issues. 9.5 Summary and Implications. References. 10 Sustainability and Consumption of Raw Materials in Germany. 10.1 Religion and Sustainability are in Great Demand. 10.1.1 Why do We Not Use the Knowledge of the Ancients? 10.1.2 The Present Economic Trends and Ecological Effects. 10.1.3 The Prices Do Not Say Ecological Truth. 10.1.4 Existence of the Possibility to Decouple Economic Growth from the Ecologic Destruction? 10.1.5 Sustainability as a Survival Strategy. 10.1.6 Worldwide Interlacing Will Make our Prosperity Safe. 10.2 Conclusions. References. 11 Sustainability, Culture and Regional Scales: Some Remarks from Human Geography. References. 12 Sustainable Development in Asia: Traditional Ideas and Irreversible Processes. 12.1 Introduction. 12.2 Population Growth as a Major Challenge to Sustainable Development. 12.3 Traditional Ideas of Sustainability and the Technocratic Ambitions of Modern Governments. 12.4 Sustainable Societies in Asia. 12.5 Conclusions. References. 13 Sustainability of Development and Valuation of Non-renewable Resources: An Analysis in the Context of Local Cultures. 13.1 Introduction. 13.2 Sustainability in the Context of Economics of Ecology. 13.3 Energy Options and Sustainable Development in the Developing World. 13.4 Cultural Norms and Concerns for Sustainability in Formulating Development Strategy by National and International Agencies. 13.5 Conclusions. References. 14 Sustainability in Latin American Countries: Challenge and Opportunities for Argentina. 14.1 Introduction. 14.2 Core Areas for Sustainable Development. 14.3 What are the Consequences? 14.4 Where Should We Go: Evolution and Tendency? 14.5 How Do We Get There: Driving Forces? 14.6 Eco-Efficiency Production. 14.7 Joining Efforts to Sustainable Development. 14.8 Some Cases from Argentina. 14.9 Conclusions. References. 15 On the Roles Engineers May Play in the Attempt to Meet Basic Demands of Man and Nature. 15.1 Millennium Development Goals. 15.2 Engineers and Sustainability. 15.3 Design of Technology in a Globalizing World. 15.3.1 The Cultural Dimension. 15.3.2 The Global Dimension. 15.3.3 Synthesis. 15.4 Urgent Questions to be Answered. 15.5 Conclusions. References. 16 Integrating Cultural Aspects in the Implementation of Large Water Projects. 16.1 General Conditions. 16.2 Agenda 21 and Integrated Water Resources Management as a Steering Model. 16.3 Parameters of Success Under the Aspect of "Implicit Culture". 16.4 Success Components According to the TTW-Model. 16.5 Appropriate Technology. 16.6 Management. 16.7 Personalities. 16.8 Idea of the Implementation of Cultural Strength as an "Explicit Cultural Aim". 16.9 Integral Planning. 16.10 Integral Redevelopment Models. 16.11 Conclusion: Systematic Implementation of Cultural Values as Project Assets. References. 17 Sustainability from an Entrepreneurial Point of View Seen from the Particular Standpoint of a Company Active in the Water Industry. 17.1 Introduction. 17.2 Role of Industry in Pursuing Sustainable Development. 17.3 Some Remarks about Water Industry. 17.4 Water Technology Considerations. References. 18 Synthesis. 18.1 Sustainability and Sustainable Development. 18.2 Postulates. References. Index.