Globalisation, Economic Reforms and Employment Strategy in India

Globalisation, Economic Reforms and Employment Strategy in India

By: S. P. Gupta (author)Hardback

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Description

...unless there is a sea-change in the present mind-set among policymakers, bureaucrats, financers, producers and consumers, the present development strategy will create more gaps between the 'haves' and the 'have-nots', resulting in an unsustainable socio-political condition, warns S.P. Gupta, a leading authority on the subject. Way outs have been suggested different from the prevailing policy to change this mindset and address the problem in this latest book on employment strategy. In the words of the author who was the chairman of the special group that prepared the much discussed report on 'targeting 10 million employment opportunities per year', prepared by the Planning Commission, Govt. of India (May 2002) - since the release of the 2002 report, there have been vast and rapid changes in the world scenario and, as a result, changes in the socio-economic fabric of India. It is increasingly realised that in isolation, in this growing and integrated world, it would not be possible to formulate or develop any effective employment strategy...It has also been found that the present technological trend originating in many developed countries, appropriate to their 'factor endowment' with an abundance of capital and a scarcity of labour, are proving a misfit in most less developed economies. In this attempt, most of the labour surplus economies are facing a near jobless growth, primarily by using the imported technologies especially in all their 'globally integrated' production units.

About Author

S.P. Gupta (Ph.D. in economics from London University) has completed several high ranking assignments in and outside the Indian Government. A former member of the Planning Commi-ssion, Dr. S.P. Gupta has also served the World Bank. His writings have appeared in leading journals. He is currently Chairman, Society for Economic and Social Transition (SEST), New Delhi.

Contents

Preface; 1. Changing Employment Strategy and its Rationale; The Indian Perspective and the Dimension of the Problem; Recommended Alternative Employment Strategy; Operational Methodology; 2. Changing Employment Scenario: Emerging New Issues; Overview; The Assessment of the Plan Strategy: Its Achievements; Emerging Issues; Empirical Findings of the Growth of Employment and Unemployment Indicators (1993-94 to October 2002); 3. Vocational Training and Skill Development; Introduction; Dimensions on the Need for Vocational Training; Prioritisation of Skill Building and Vocational Training; An Outline of the Existing Vocational System; Quantitative Deficiencies in Skill Development; Skill Mismatches; Structural Deficiencies; Some Comments on ITI's Efficiency and Organisation; Elements of Skill Development Strategy; Summary and Recommendations; 4. Cluster Development. Introduction; Status of Clusters and their Problems; Involving Large Industries in Cluster Development Programmes; Developing a Feasible Model for Cluster Development; Criteria for Selection of Clusters; Measures for Involving State Governments in the Programme of Cluster Development; Measures for Involving Large Industries in the Programme of Cluster Development; Skill Upgradation in Clusters; 5. Business Process Outsourcing: Potentialities for Employment Generation; Difference between Business Process Outsourcing and IT Outsourcing; Forms of Business Process Outsourcing; The Probable Range of Processes Outsourced; The Reasons for Outsourcing; Current Backlash; How to Deal with the Emerging Scenario; Developed Countries-The Demographic Shift; 6. Business Process Outsourcing: Potentialities for Employment Generation; Historical background; Functions of the National Employment Service (NES); Public Perception of the Employment Service; Present Employment Scenario vis-a-vis Employment Exchange Operations; Private Placement Agencies; Are the Employment Exchanges Relevant Today?; Whether the Employment Exchange is Necessary Today; Career Counselling and Vocational Guidance; Cost Effectiveness of the Employment Exchanges; Are Employment Exchanges Doing the Jobs as Effectively as Expected?; What Employment Exchanges Should do in the Present Scenario?; 7. Labour Welfare and Social Security; Section I: Social Security For The Organised Sector; Introduction; Social Security Laws; Administration of Social Security Acts; Employees' Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952; Employees Deposit Linked Insurance Scheme, 1976; Employees' Pension Scheme, 1995; Modernisation Programme-Reinventing EPFO; The Employees State Insurance Scheme; Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972; Workmen's Compensation Act, 1923; Maternity Benefit Act, 1961; Section II: The Unorganised Sector Workers Social Security Scheme, 2004; Short Title, Commencement and Application; Definitions; Registration of Members; Collection and Recording of Contributors; Compliance and Enforcement; Finance and Investment; Award and Payment of Benefits; Payment of Pension; Miscellaneous; Section III: The Employment Guarantee Bill of 2005; (As passed by Lok Sabha on 23.8.2005); Section IV: Jai Prakash Rozgar Guarantee Yojana (JPRGY); Allocation of Districts; Identification of Districts within the States; Selection of Blocks within the Selected Districts. Wage Employment under the JPRGY; Self-Employment under the JPRGY; Operationalisation of the JPRGY; Annexures; Bibliography; Index; List of Tables and Boxes; Tables; 2.1 The Macro Economic Indicators on NDP, Employment and Unemployment-Organised and Unorganised Sectors, 1993-94 to 2001-02 (on Usual Status); 2.2 Sector-wise Growth of Employment from 50th to 55th Round and 55th to 58th Round of NSSO (Usual Status); 2.3 Aggregate Employment Growth (Overall and Sectoral): Usual Status; 2.4 Number of Unemployed and Percentage to Corresponding Labour Force; 2.5 Workforce, Underemployment and Employment Elasticity under UPSS, WS & CDS; 2.6 Number of Female-headed Households; Household Size and Sex-ratio for the Female-headed Households during 1993-94 and 1999-2000; 2.7 Average Household Size (0.0) and Sex Ratio (Female per 1000 Males) over the different NSS Surveys; 2.8 Consumption and Poverty by Gender Groups; 2.9 Youth Unemployment in Contrast to All Age Unemployment; (i) Youth versus All Age; (ii) Female Youth versus All Age Female; (iii) Male Youth versus All Age Male; (iv) Female Youths (Rural versus Urban); 2.10 Educated Unemployment in the Rural and Urban Sectors: 1987-88, 1993-94 and 1999-2000; 2.11 Female Educated Unemployed 1987-88, 1993-94 and 1999-2000; 2.12 (i) Unemployment Rates 1993-94 and 1999-2000 Rural (Usual Status); (ii) Urban (Usual Status); 2.13 Unemployment Rates: Selected States (on usual status); 2.14 Variation of Employment Rates among States for the Years 1994, 2000 and 2002; 3.1 Estimated Number of Children Leaving School (2001-02); 3.2 Ranking of Priority Areas for Vocational Training and Skill Development; 3.3 Demography of Labour Force, Youth and Employment (Dimensions based on NSS Survey of EU, on CDS basis); 3.4 Vocational Training Programmes Conducted by Departments/Institutions; 3.5 Intake Capacity in the ITIs by Trade (2002); Boxes; 2.1 Strategy and Achievements: Tenth Five Year Plan; 3.1 Tamil Nadu Scheme for Training-cum-Production Centres; 3.2 Initiatives Taken by the Department of Employment and Training, Government of Andhra Pradesh, Since August, 2003; 3.3 National Competency Testing Agency Proposed by MHRD; 4.1 An Analysis of Cluster Development Initiatives; 5.1 Indicative List of Internal Processes Outsourced. List of Annexures; IA Growth of Employment in Rural Areas as per Weekly Status; IB Growth of Youth Employment in Rural Areas as per Weekly Status; IIA Growth of Employment in Urban Areas as per Weekly Status; IIB Growth of Youth Employment in Urban Areas as per Weekly Status; IIIA Growth of Employment in India (Rural and Urban Combined) as per Weekly Status; IIIB Growth of Youth Employment in India (Rural and Urban Combined) as per Weekly Status; IVA Growth of Employment in Rural Areas as per Usual Status; IVB Growth of Youth Employment in Rural Areas as per Usual Status; VA Growth of Employment in Urban Areas as per Usual Status; VB Growth of Youth Employment in Urban Areas as per Usual Status; VIA Growth of Employment in India (Rural and Urban Combined) as per Usual Status; VIB Growth of Youth Employment in All Areas (Rural and Urban Combined) as per Usual Status; VII A Note Highlighting the Salient Features of the Sample Designs of Quinquennial Surveys and Annual Surveys on Consumer Expenditure and Employment - Unemployment in the NSS; VIII Growth of Persons Attending Educational Institutions (Usual Status); IX State-wise Population and Employment Estimates by Usual Status 1994, 2000 & 2002 (Table 1-3). Average Annual Growth Rate of Population and Employment During 1994-2000 (Table-4). Average Annual Growth Rate of Population and Employment During 2000-2002 (Table-5); X Enrolment Capacities for Vocational Education and Training in Different States; XI Indicative List of Vocations under Identified Sectors; XII Summary and overview of the Report by the Special Group on Targeting 10 million Employment Opportunity per year by Planning Commission, Government of India May 2002 (Page 1-17) under Chairmanship of Dr. S.P. Gupta, Member Planning Commission; XIII Summary Recommendations of Report of the Study Group on Development of Small Scale Enterprises, (Page 4-8) Planning Commission, New Delhi (2001) under Chairmanship of Dr. S.P. Gupta, Member Planning Commission..

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9788171884629
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 276
  • ID: 9788171884629
  • ISBN10: 8171884628

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