For the first time in human history, the vast majority of the world's population is connected through trade, travel, production, media and politics. Ours is an era of ubiquitous mobile communication, economic outsourcing, mass migration and imported consumer goods. At the same time, people everywhere are concerned to keep their identities rooted and sense of place in the face of momentous change.
This new edition of Thomas Hylland Eriksen's concise and engaging landmark textbook outlines the main debates and controversies around globalization, and develops a unique perspective to show how globalization is an inherently double process, taking place both from above and below. Each chapter is supported by boxed case studies and bullet points summarizing the core information, suggestions for further reading, and essay and discussion questions, making this the ideal guide for both the classroom and independent study. Focusing on key concepts of globalization and drawing on international examples, this book is essential for anyone wishing to understand the fundamental processes underlying the contemporary world and the consequences these have for all of us.
Thomas Hylland Eriksen is Professor of Social Anthropology at the University of Oslo, Norway.
Preface Introduction: A Shrinking Planet 1. Disembedding Globalization and Distance Towards a More Abstract World Abstract Time and Temperature Money as a Means of Communication Abstract Music Printing and Factories Nationalism as a Template for Globalization Other Disembedding Mechanisms Disembedded Friendship Neoliberal Economics and Disembedding Critics of Disembedding 2. Speed Time-space Compression Accelerated Change Friedman's "Flatteners" Acceleration in the Media Bourdieu's Pessimism Simultaneity Some Further Implications of Acceleration The Unevenness of Speed 3. Standardization Some Standards of a Global Modernity Some Contemporary Forms of Standardization Obsolescence Bilingualism and Standardization The Globalization of Nothing McWorld and Its Discontents MS Word The Shipping Container and Standardization Resistance to Standardization 4. Connections Criticisms of Methodological Nationalism The Network Society Communication Networks A Networked Global Economy? Globalization from Below Global Governance? Translation Remittances and Cheap Calls Soccer and Globalization Delinking, Chosen, and Enforced A World of Slums Connectedness and Disjunctures 5. Mobility Transnational Migration Transnational Connections Outsourcing the Nation-state? The Growth of Tourism The Tourist and the Refugee Long-distance Nationalism Gendered Migration Nostalgia 6. Mixing Forms of Mixing Hybridity and Creolization World Music A Mixed Family in Mauritius A Model 7. Risk Natural and Manufactured Risks? Perceived Risk and Real Consequences Invasive Species Climate Change Climate Change and Global Democracy Wavering Trust in Expert Systems Dealing with Global Risks Locally Globalization and Wars on Terror Human Rights and Security 8. Identity Politics The Politicized Concept of Culture Identity Politics as a Response to Globalization A Grammar of Identity Politics Indigenous Strategies Reembedding in Diasporas Trust and Social Capital Neonationalism and Islamism: Two Sides of the Same Coin? Human Rights and Identity Politics 9. Alterglobalization Protest Movements The Transnational Occupy Movement Alterglobalizing Strategies in the South The Slowness Movement From the Arab Spring to the Snowden Affair Afterword: An Overheated World Bibliography Index