Although GM crops are seen by their advocates as a key component of the future of world agriculture and as part of the solution for world poverty and hunger, their uptake has not been smooth nor universal: they have been marred by controversy and all too commonly their regulation has been challenged as inadequate, even biased.
This book aims to understand these dynamics, examining the impacts of GM crops in diverse contexts and their potentials to contribute to sustainable agricultural futures. Part 1 draws on research from three global `rising powers' - Brazil, India and Mexico - exploring the views of scientists, farmers and publics. Using a diverse array of ethnographic and qualitative methodologies, the book examines the dynamics that have underpinned the controversy in three diverse geo-political contexts, the manner in which dominant institutional framings have been closely aligned with the interests of powerful elites, and the multiple ways in which these have been resisted through local, symbolic and material practices. Part 2 comprises a series of short comment pieces from 11 leading social and natural scientists responding to the question of how to develop a policy framework for the responsible innovation of sustainable, culturally appropriate and socially just agricultural GM technologies.
This innovative book offers new insights for researchers and postgraduates in Science and technology studies, Agro-ecology and Environmental Studies, Development studies, Anthropology, Human Geography, Sociology, Political Science, Public Administration, Latin American studies, and Asian studies.
Phil Macnaghten is Professor of Technology and International Development at Wageningen University in the Netherlands. He was Professor of Geography at Durham University (UK), and Founder Director of Durham University's Institute of Hazard and Risk Research. He coordinated the GMFuturos research project. Susana Carro-Ripalda is a social anthropologist, Honorary Research Fellow at Durham University, and currently Visiting Researcher at the Universidad del Pais Vasco, Spain. She was Senior Research Fellow and GMFuturos Project Manager in the Department of Anthropology at Durham University, and has lectured at the universities of Durham, Glasgow and Edinburgh.
Part 1: The GMFuturos Research 1. Researching GM Crops in a Global Context Phil Macnaghten, Susana Carro-Ripalda and Joanildo Burity 2. An Analysis of the GM Crop Debate in Mexico Susana Carro-Ripalda, Marta Astier and Patricia Artia 3. An Analysis of the GM Crop Debate in Brazil Julia S. Guivant and Phil Macnaghten 4. An Analysis of the GM Crop Debate in India Yulia Egorova, Rajeswari S. Raina and Kamminthang Mantuong 5. Comparing GM Crops in Mexico, Brazil and India Phil Macnaghten Part 2: Commentaries on Governing GM Crops 6. The Route to Food Security is not Through Glorification of the Rural Idyl and Demonization of Global Trade (or Vice Versa) Ian Crute 7. Lessons from China's GM Controversy Adrian Ely 8. Public Participation, Accountability and the Stewardship of Transgenic Crops Dominic Glover 9. An Anthropological Perspective on the Promise and the Threat of GM Crops Penny Harvey 10. Neoliberal Origins of Anti-GM Protest in Europe Les Levidow 11. GM Futures: Perspectives from a Plant Molecular Biologist Keith Lindsey 12. The Search for Affirming Narratives for the Future Governance of Technology: Reflections from a Science-Theology Perspective on GMFuturos Tom McLeish FRS 13. Crop Science, the Heisenberg Principle and Resistance to Genetically Modified Organisms Michael S. Northcott 14. Innovating Governance? Judith Petts 15. Institutional Rigidities and Impediments: Agricultural Research and GM Crops in India Rajeswari S. Raina 16. Focus-ing on GM Crops Bob Simpson 17. A Responsible Innovation Governance Framework for GM Crops: Global Lessons for Agricultural Sustainability Phil Macnaghten