Careful analysis of an individual nation's economy is difficult even for insiders who know aspects of their own economy well. Good analysis is harder for outside economists, yet they can bring a fresh perspective. When insiders and outsiders co-operate, the resulting analysis may be a significant improvement over what each group could do on their own. This volume results from a collaboration among Greek and non-Greek economists, sponsored by the Bank of Greece and the Brookings Institution. The project sought to achieve two broad goals. The first was to facilitate understanding of Greek observers about their economy and to stimulate a constructive policy debate within Greece. The second complementary goal was to provide an analysis of the Greek economy that will be useful to observers of other nations whose economic situations and problems have similarities with those of Greece.