Green Carbon Dioxide: Advances in CO2 Utilization

Green Carbon Dioxide: Advances in CO2 Utilization

By: Siglinda Perathoner (editor), Gabriele Centi (editor)Hardback

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Description

Recycling carbon-dioxide at the source would not only go a long way towards minimizing the emissions, but would also motivate industry leaders to take the positive approach for CO2 reuse. Transforming Carbon Dioxide into Synthetic Fuels presents power plant engineers, process engineers, chemical engineers, electrochemists, scientists, and professors with several technologies that can be used to recycle carbon-dioxide into fossil fuel equivalent and minimize carbon dioxide emissions. The authors demonstrate how to make these conversions from alternative green energy sources, such as solar or wind-power, hydro-power or non-fossil fuel energy.

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About Author

GABRIELE CENTI is Full Professor of Industrial Chemistry at the University of Messina and President of the European Research Institute of Catalysis. He is a former President of the European Federation of Catalysis Societies and current Vice President of the International Association of Catalysis Societies. Dr. Centi is Chair of the Editorial Board of ChemSusChem and Chief Editor of the book series Studies in Catalysis and Surface Science and Green Energy. SIGLINDA PERATHONER is Associate Professor of Industrial Chemistry at the University of Messina. Her research examines nanostructured zeolites, catalytic membranes, catalysts for waste water purification and remediation, photo(electro)catalytic conversion of CO2, and fuel cells. Dr. Perathoner is the author of more than 160 publications.

Contents

Preface xi Acknowledgments xvii Contributors xix 1. Perspectives and State of the Art in Producing Solar Fuels and Chemicals from CO2 1 Gabriele Centi and Siglinda Perathoner 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Solar Fuels and Chemicals From CO2 8 1.3 Toward Artificial Leaves 16 1.4 Conclusions 19 Acknowledgments 20 References 20 2. Transformation of Carbon Dioxide to Useable Products Through Free Radical-Induced Reactions 25 G. R. Dey 2.1 Introduction 25 2.2 Chemical Reduction of CO2 29 2.3 Conclusions 46 Acknowledgments 46 References 46 3. Synthesis of Useful Compounds from CO2 51 Boxun Hu and Steven L. Suib 3.1 Introduction 51 3.2 Photochemical Reduction 53 3.3 Electrochemical Reduction 55 3.4 Electrocatalytic Reduction 57 3.5 CO2 Hydrogenation 71 3.6 CO2 Reforming 84 3.7 Prospects in CO2 Reduction 86 Acknowledgments 86 References 86 4. Hydrogenation of Carbon Dioxide to Liquid Fuels 99 Muthu Kumaran Gnanamani, Gary Jacobs, Venkat Ramana Rao Pendyala, Wenping Ma, and Burtron H. Davis 4.1 Introduction 99 4.2 Methanation of Carbon Dioxide 100 4.3 Methanol and Higher Alcohol Synthesis by CO2 Hydrogenation 102 4.4 Hydrocarbons Through Modified Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis 105 4.5 Conclusions 114 References 115 5. Direct Synthesis of Organic Carbonates from CO2 and Alcohols Using Heterogeneous Oxide Catalysts 119 Yoshinao Nakagawa, Masayoshi Honda, and Keiichi Tomishige 5.1 Introduction 120 5.2 Ceria-Based Catalysts 122 5.3 Zirconia-Based Catalysts 137 5.4 Other Metal Oxide Catalysts 145 5.5 Conclusions and Outlook 145 References 146 6. High-Solar-Efficiency Utilization of CO2: the STEP (Solar Thermal Electrochemical Production) of Energetic Molecules 149 Stuart Licht 6.1 Introduction 149 6.2 Solar Thermal Electrochemical Production of Energetic Molecules: an Overview 151 6.3 Demonstrated STEP Processes 165 6.4 STEP Constraints 180 6.5 Conclusions 186 Acknowledgments 186 References 186 7. Electrocatalytic Reduction of CO2 in Methanol Medium 191 M. Murugananthan, S. Kaneco, H. Katsumata, T. Suzuki and M. Kumaravel 7.1 Introduction 191 7.2 Electrocatalytic Reduction of CO2 in Methanol Medium 193 7.3 Mechanisms of CO2 Reduction in Nonaqueous Protic (CH3OH) Medium 210 7.4 Conclusions 211 References 213 8. Synthetic Fuel Production from the Catalytic Thermochemical Conversion of Carbon Dioxide 215 Navadol Laosiripojana, Kajornsak Faungnawakij, and Suttichai Assabumrungrat 8.1 Introduction 215 8.2 General Aspects of CO2 Reforming 218 8.3 Catalyst Selection for CO2 Reforming Reaction 221 8.4 Reactor Technology for Dry Reforming 228 8.5 Conversion of Synthesis Gas to Synthetic Fuels 230 8.6 Conclusions 239 Acknowledgments 240 References 240 9. Fuel Production from Photocatalytic Reduction of CO2 with Water Using TiO2-Based Nanocomposites 245 Ying Li 9.1 Introduction 245 9.2 CO2 Photoreduction: Principles and Challenges 246 9.3 TiO2-Based Photocatalysts for CO2 Photoreduction: Material Innovations 247 9.4 Photocatalysis Experiments 254 9.5 CO2 Photoreduction Activity 255 9.6 Reaction Mechanism and Factors Influencing Catalytic Activity 259 9.7 Conclusions and Future Research Recommendations 265 References 265 10. Photocatalytic Reduction of CO2 to Hydrocarbons Using Carbon-Based AgBr Nanocomposites Under Visible Light 269 Mudar Abou Asi, Chun He, Qiong Zhang, Zuocheng Xu, Jingling Yang, Linfei Zhu, Yanling Huang, Ya Xiong, and Dong Shu 10.1 Introduction 269 10.2 Mechanism of Photocatalytic Reduction for CO2 270 10.3 Carbon Dioxide Reduction 271 10.4 AgBr Nanocomposites 274 10.5 Conclusions 283 Acknowledgments 283 References 284 11. Use of Carbon Dioxide in Enhanced Oil Recovery and Carbon Capture and Sequestration 287 Suguru Uemura, Shohji Tsushima, and Shuichiro Hirai 11.1 Introduction 287 11.2 Enhanced Oil Recovery 288 11.3 Carbon Capture and Sequestration 294 11.4 Future Tasks 298 11.5 Summary 298 References 298 Index 301

Product Details

  • publication date: 15/04/2014
  • ISBN13: 9781118590881
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 326
  • ID: 9781118590881
  • weight: 608
  • ISBN10: 1118590880

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