Although there are thousands of community gardens across North America, only Seattle and a few other cities include them in their urban development plans. While the conditions and experiences in Seattle may be unique, the city's programs offer insights and lessons for other cities and communities. Greening Cities, Growing Communities examines:
-- Planning and design strategies that support the development of urban community gardens as sustainable places for education and recreation
-- Approaches to design processes, construction, and stewardship that utilize volunteer and community participation and create a sense of community
-- Programs that enable gardens to serve as a resource for social justice for low income and minority communities, immigrants, and seniors
-- Opportunities to develop active-living frameworks by strategically locating community gardens and linking them with other forms of recreation and open space as part of pedestrian-accessible networks
Greening Cities, Growing Communities focuses on six community gardens in Seattle where there has been a strong network of knowledge and resources. These case studies reveal the capacity of community gardens to serve larger community issues, such as food security; urban ecosystem health; demonstration of sustainable gardening and building practices; active living and pedestrian-friendly neighborhoods; and equity concerns. The authors also examine how landscape architects, planners, and allied design professionals can better interact in the making of these unique urban open spaces, and how urban community gardens offer opportunities for professionals to have a more prominent role in community activism and urban sustainability.
Jeffrey Hou and Julie M. Johnson are associate professors of landscape architecture at the University of Washington. Laura J. Lawson is associate professor of landscape architecture at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
Acknowledgments Introduction: A Case for Urban Community Gardens as Public Open Space Part I. Understanding Urban Community Gardens 1. Community Gardens in America Research and Literature on Community Gardens Roles and Resources Community Gardens Provide Understanding Community Gardens 2. Making and Sustaining a Community GardenInitial ConceptionThe Garden Site Design and Design Process Implementation and Maintenance Participation and Leadership Evolution and Evaluation Citywide Planning 3. Seattle Model: Local Activism and Institutional SupportGeography and Local EconomyDemographic Change A City of Neighborhoods and Civic ActivismSeattle's Community Garden History A Web of Support for Community Gardens Supportive City and Neighborhood Planning Community Garden Development and Land TenureFunding Programs A City Ripe for Community Gardening Part II. Seattle Case Studies 4. Interbay P-Patch Tour of Interbay P-Patch Background and History: Building Community through AdversityDesign Process and Implementation: Design for Efficiency and Social Activity Funding and Support: Creative Reuse Organization and Participation: Team LeadershipPrograms and Functions: Celebrating Garden and Community Contextual Factors and Challenges: Problems of Pilfering Special Lesson: Expanding Beyond the Garden to Help Others 5. Thistle P-PatchTour of Thistle P-PatchBackground and History: Forgotten and RediscoveredDesign Process and Implementation: Maximizing Garden Productivity Funding and Support: External ResourcesOrganization and Participation: A Garden Made by Immigrants Programs and Functions: A P-Patch Serving Immigrant GardenersContextual Factors and Challenges: Conflicts with Neighbors Special Lesson: Serving Immigrant Gardeners in Multiple WaysSpecial Lesson: Community Change on the Horizon 6. Danny Woo International District Community Garden Tour of Danny Woo Community Garden: Urban Refuge and Neighborhood Jewel Background and History: Rebuilding an Inner-City Community Design Process and Implementation: "A Work in Progress"Funding and Support: Community EntrepreneurismOrganization and Participation: Serving a Special PopulationProgram and Functions; Local Food Security, Education, and HabitatContextual Factors and Challenges: Addressing the Presence of Illicit ActivitiesSpecial Lesson: Fulfilling the Multiple Needs of Elderly Immigrant Gardeners Special Lesson: Community Design/Build 7. Bradner Gardens ParkTour of Bradner Gardens ParkBackground and History: "Protect Our Park" Design Process and Implementation: Creative Responses to Fulfill Multiple FunctionsFunding and Support: LeveragingOrganization and Participation: Partnerships Programs and Functions: A Garden for LearningContextual Factors and Challenges: Gentrification and Neighborhood ChangeSpecial Lesson: Green Building Practices 8. Marra FarmTour of Marra FarmBackground and History: A Farm ReclaimedDesign Process and Implementation: Incremental ChangeFunding and Support: Diverse Sources for Myriad ImprovementsOrganization and Participation: A Coalition of InterestsPrograms and Functions: Serving Individuals and Targeted GroupsContextual Factors and Challenges: A Green EnclaveSpecial Lesson: The Urban Farm Experience and Opportunity 9. Magnuson Community GardenTour of Magnuson Community GardenBackground and History: A Garden within a ParkDesign Process and Implementation: A Guiding Master Plan with Incrementally Designed AreasFunding and Support: Seeking Funding and Broad-Based Volunteer EffortsOrganization and Participation: Managing Multiple Gardens as OnePrograms and Functions: Synergies of ActivityContextual Factors and Challenges: Eyes on the GardenSpecial Lesson: A Community Garden Enriching a Large Urban Park Part III. Lessons from Seattle 10. Expressions and Challenges of SustainabilityMultiple Expressions of Urban SustainabilityChallenges for Urban Community Gardens 11. Designing and Supporting Urban Gardens as Hybrid Public SpaceDesign Lessons: Reflecting Context and User NeedsHybrid Public Space Is Seattle Unique? 12. Visions of Urban Community Gardens: People, Communities, and CitiesIndividuals and Families: Choices, Diversity, and EmpowermentNeighborhood and Community: Reconstructing the Commons Districts, Cities, and Coalition: From "Emerald Necklace" to "Eggplant Networks" Realizing the Visions--What Gardeners Can Do--What Designers and Planners Can Do--What Researchers and Educators Can Do--What Nonprofit Organizations Can Do--What City Officials and Agencies Can Do--What Citizens Can Do --References--Resources--Index