Delve deep into the complex issues surrounding humanitarian design Ground Rules in Humanitarian Design establishes essential foundations for thinking about humanitarian design and its role in global change. Outlining a vital framework for designing for impoverished and disaster-stricken communities, this informative guide explores the integration of culture, art, architecture, economy, ecology, health, and education. Experts on land, health, water, housing, education, and planning weigh in with best practices and critical considerations during the design process, and discussion of the environmental considerations and local materials/skills will broaden your understanding of this nuanced specialty. Richly illustrated, this guide combines graphic documentation of projects, maps, and data-tracking developments from Asia, Africa, and the Americas to underscore the complexities of this emerging and evolving field. The ambition to provide humanitarian architecture for areas in acute need is driving design innovation worldwide among both practitioners and educators.
This book provides an indispensable resource for those engaged in the search for the sustainable inclusion of cultural code and compassion as a technology for design innovation. * Learn how to approach the problem of humanitarian design * Understand the cultural factors that play into development * Develop a new framework for planning post-disaster design * See how humanitarian design is pushing the industry forward While still in college, students are being given the opportunity to directly participate in programmes that provide vital facilities for communities abroad. While these international initiatives remain largely ad hoc, this book provides parameters for engagement and establishes best practices for approaching these projects with a global perspective. With expert insight and practical strategies on the ground, Ground Rules in Humanitarian Design is an essential resource for architects at any level.
Alice Min Soo Chun is assistant professor of design and material culture at Parsons The New School for Design, with a focus on material technology and renewable energy. She is CEO and president of FAARM, a non-profit organisation, dedicated to humanitarian design efforts worldwide and co-founder of Solight Design, a design startup in New York City. She has taught architecture at Columbia University, the University of Pennsylvania and the University of Arizona, and has been building award-winning community outreach projects. Her work has been published in the New York Times, Architectural Record, Dwell and the Journal of Architectural Education, the Herald Tribune and the New York Observer. Irene Brisson is a designer and educator interested in the development and implementation of equitable design processes. As vice-president of FAARM she has led design and research projects in southern Haiti since 2010. An alumna of Columbia University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, she has taught at Parsons the New School for Design and Bowling Green State University and is a doctoral student in the Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning at the University of Michigan.
8 Introduction Ground Rules for Humanitarian Design 18 Part 1 - Histories of Humanitarian Design and Aid 20 Humanitarian Design Notes for a Definition Christian Hubert and Ioanna Theocharopoulou 36 Fifty Years of the Community-Led Incremental Development Paradigm for Urban Housing and Place-Making John FC Turner and Patrick Wakely 56 Part 2 - Land 58 Real Estate and Property Rights in Humanitarian Design Jesse M Keenan 70 Remediating Ecocide Alice Min Soo Chun 86 Part 3 - Crisis in Health and Culture 88 Crisis Architecture Conflict, Cultures of Displacement and Crisis-forms J Yolande Daniels 98 Emergency Medical Structures Sabrina Plum 110 Part 4 - Water and Sanitation 112 Fluid Matters On Water and Design Elizabeth Parker 124 Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Interventions Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage to Reduce the Burden of Diarrhoeal Disease in Developing Countries Daniele Lantagne 134 Part 5 - Ecology and Humanitarian Design 136 Architectures of Eco-Literacy Eric Howeler and J Meejin Yoon 142 Circling Research with Design NLE's African Water Cities Project and Prototype Floating School for Makoko Kunle Adeyemi 148 Part 6 - Local Materials and Local Skills 150 Intelligent Materials and Technology Alice Min Soo Chun 168 One City Merritt Bulcholz 176 Part 7 - Shelter and Housing 178 Missing Scales Deborah Gans 192 reCOVER Emergency Shelter Interventions Anselmo G Canfora 210 Part 8 - Education and Practice 212 Humanitarian Architecture Is Hip. Now What? Eric Cesal 218 Reading Codes Is a Whole New World Grainne Hassett 238 Part 9 - Architecture, Planning and Politics 240 Delmas 32 A Post-Disaster Planning Experience in Haiti Sabine Malebranche 250 Building On, Over, With Postcolonialism and Humanitarian Design Irene E Brisson 258 Select Bibliography 259 Index
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