The importance of groundwater to India's economy should not be undervalued. Over the last three decades, the rapid expansion in use of groundwater primarily for irrigation has contributed significantly to agricultural growth, as well as the overall economic development in India. However, the rapid development in groundwater has had its price. In many arid and hard-rock zones, increases in overdraft areas and associated water-quality problems are emerging. 'Groundwater Regulation and Management' provides an assessment of the issues from development to management and discusses the reform agenda.