Guide to European Pressure Equipment (European Guide Series (REP))

Guide to European Pressure Equipment (European Guide Series (REP))

By: Bill Garden (author), Simon Earland (author), David Nash (author)Paperback

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Description

This book provides sensible, practical assistance on pressure equipment. European Pressure Equipment has been written using the day-to-day practical experience of pressure vessel users, manufacturers and suppliers for specifiers, and users of pressure equipment. It has been compiled to provide practical information about all aspects of design, selection and use. The book is aimed at everyone who has technical problems as well as those wanting to know more about pressure equipment and the Pressure Equipment Directive (PED), and also those who want to know who supplies what, and from where in Europe. Aimed at users of pressure vessels in industries such as the power, oil, petrochemical, chemical, pharmaceutical, food, utility and other industries, and also those involved in the specifying and purchasing of pressure vessels and ancillary equipment. The book will of course be of considerable use to designers and manufacturers. Content include: General - Legislation and standards - Specification of pressure vessels - Design - Manufacture - Inspection and testing - Installation, maintenance and in-service inspection - Units and conversions and materials data - Useful terms translated - Classification guide to manufacturers and suppliers - Reference index

About Author

Simon Earland Simon Earland is Managing Director of Earland Engineering Ltd, a private company providing specialist consultancy services in pressure vessel and heat exchanger mechanical design and analysis. Simon has considerable experience in the contracting industry having spent some 13 years working with major companies such as Humphreys and Glasgow, Badger, Procon and Shell Expro. Thereafter, he joined Finglow Ltd, a prominent UK supplier of pressure vessel design software, where as Technical Director, he was responsible for quality assurance, software testing and for providing consultancy services to clients. In addition he developed and presented training courses on pressure vessel design, and produced the technical reference manuals for Finglow Pressure Vessel Software. Since 1988, Simon has been a lecturer on short courses in pressure vessel design at the University of Strathclyde, Glasgow. He is an Associate Member of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers and Treasurer of the Heat Transfer Society. He presently serves as a member of the BSI sub-committee PVE/1/15 which is responsible for the design methods in PD 5500 -Specification for Unfired to Fusion Welded Pressure Vessels and a member of the Pressure Systems Group committee of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. David Nash Dr David Nash is a Senior Lecturer in Mechanical Engineering at the University of Strathclyde in Glasgow. After spending several years with a vessel fabricator, David joined the Department as a researcher where he gained an MSc and PhD working on local load and saddle support contact problems. His particular interests lie in the design and analysis of pressure equipment, including the use of finite element analysis. He has co-written and organised a suite of pressure equipment design courses for industry, in conjunction with the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, and these have been run on an annual basis in the UK and overseas since 1986. David is a Chartered Engineer and has been an ASME member since 1987. He is presently a Vice-Chairman of the Pressure Systems Group of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers and is the current UK national representative to EPERC, the European Pressure Equipment Research Council. He serves on CEN TC74/WG 10 and BSI sub-committee PVE/1/15 as a corresponding member. Bill Garden Bill Garden trained as a metallurgist at Babcock & Wilcox in the 1970s. He moved into the area of welding engineering with Motherwell Bridge Thermal Ltd and thereafter with Munro & Miller Ltd. He returned to Motherwell Bridge and achieved his present position as Chief Welding Engineer in 1990. Bill has considerable experience in welding technology for a range of products which includes process pressure vessels, spherical and conventional storage tanks, gasholders, shell and tube heat exchangers, pipe work, cranes, hydraulic presses and mechanical handling equipment. He heads up the Welding Engineering Section, in the Motherwell Bridge Group, which is responsible for all welding engineering including specification of processes, procedures, welder and procedure qualifications. Bill is a Chartered Engineer, a member of the Institute of Materials and a Fellow of the Welding Institute and is also a member of the Pressure Systems Group committee of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers.

Contents

1 General 1 1.1 Explanation of terms 3 1.1.1 General definitions 3 Pressure equipment 3 Pressure vessel 3 Piping 3 Pipelines 3 Pressure accessories 3 Safety accessories 3 Assembly 3 Fluids 3 1.1.2 Organisations 3 Manufacturer 3 Base material manufacturer 3 Material supplier 3 First party 3 Second party 3 Third party 3 User and/or operator 3 Purchaser 3 Inspector 3 Authorised inspection body 3 Notified body 3 Recognised third party organisation 3 User inspectorate 3 1.1.3 Codes and standards 4 Design codes and standards 4 EC Directives 4 Harmonised standards 4 1.1.4 Mathematical notation 4 1.1.5 Materials 4 European Approvals for Materials (EAM) 4 European Material Data Sheet (EMDS) 4 Particular Material Appraisal (PMA) 4 1.2 What is a pressure vessel? 4 1.2.1 Common types of pressure vessel 4 1.2.2 Proprietary types of pressure vessel 6 1.2.3 Heat exchangers 6 1.2.4 Steam boilers 7 1.2.5 Vessels for the nuclear power industry 7 1.3 Components of a pressure vessel 7 1.3.1 Shells 7 1.3.2 Heads or ends 7 1.3.2.1 Flat heads 7 1.3.2.2 Dished heads 8 1.3.2.3 Hemispherical heads 8 1.3.3 Cones 8 1.3.4 Flanges 9 1.3.5 Nozzles 9 1.3.6 Manways and inspection openings 10 1.3.7 Tubesheets 10 1.3.7.1 U-tube 10 1.3.7.2 Floating head 10 1.3.7.3 Fixed tubesheet 10 1.3.8 Jackets and limpet coils 10 1.3.9 Supports 11 1.3.9.1 Horizontal vessels 11 1.3.9.2 Vertical vessels 11 1.3.10 Stiffening rings 12 1.3.11 Internals 12 1.3.12 External attachments 12 1.4 Internals 12 1.4.1 Vortex breakers 12 1.4.2 Demisters 12 1.4.3 Baffles and weirs 13 1.4.4 Filter elements 13 1.4.5 Catalysts 13 1.4.6 Trays 13 1.4.7 Packing 14 1.4.8 Separation devices 14 1.4.9 Mixers and agitators 14 1.5 Accessories 14 1.5.1 Manways 14 1.5.2 Davits 15 1.5.3 Platforms and ladders 15 1.5.4 Relief valves and bursting discs 15 1.5.5 Instruments 15 2 Legislation and standards 17 2.1 Legislation 18 2.2 EC Directives 18 2.2.1 General Directive on Pressure Vessels 76/767/EEC 18 2.2.2 Gas Cylinders Directives 18 2.2.2.1 Marking 19 2.2.2.2 Seamless Steel Gas Cylinders Directive 84/525/EEC 19 2.2.2.3 Seamless Aluminium Alloy Gas Cylinders Directive 84/526/EEC 19 2.2.2.4 Welded Unalloyed Steel Gas Cylinders Directive 84/527/EEC 19 2.2.3 The Simple Pressure Vessels Directive 87/404/EEC 19 2.2.3.1 Marking 19 2.2.3.2 EN 286 19 2.2.3.3 The Simple Pressure Vessels (Safety) Regulations 1991 (SI 2749) 19 2.2.4 The Pressure Equipment Directive 97/23/EC 20 2.2.4.1 Classification of pressure equipment (ARTICLE 10) 20 2.2.4.2 Essential Safety Requirements (ESRs) (ANNEX I) 21 2.2.4.3 Summary of ESRs (Essential Safety Requirements): 21 ESR 1 - General 21 ESR 2 - Design 21 ESR 3 - Manufacture 21 ESR 4 - Materials 21 ESR 5 - Fired or otherwise heated pressure equipment with a risk of overheating 22 ESR 6 - Piping 22 ESR 7 - Specific quantitative requirements for certain pressure equipment 22 2.2.4.4 Conformity assessment (ARTICLE 10) 22 2.2.4.5 CE marking (ARTICLE 10) 22 2.2.4.6 Notified bodies (ARTICLE 12) 22 2.2.4.7 European approval of materials (ARTICLE 11) 23 2.2.4.8 CEN harmonised standards 23 2.2.4.9 Exclusions 23 2.2.4.10 The UK scene 23 2.3 Standards 24 2.3.1 Pressure vessel standards 24 2.3.1.1 CEN standards 24 EN 286 Simple unfired pressure vessels designed to contain air or nitrogen 25 EN 13445 Standard for unfired pressure vessels 26 2.3.1.2 BSI standards 28 2.3.1.3 European standards 28 2.3.1.4 ASME standards 28 2.3.2 Associated standards 28 2.3.2.1 CEN standards 28 2.3.2.2 ISO standards 30 2.3.2.3 BSI standards 30 2.3.2.4 ASME, ANSI and ASTM standards 31 2.3.2.5 TEMA standards 32 3 Specification of pressure vessels 33 3.1 Design data 35 3.1.1 Pressure 35 3.1.2 Temperature 36 3.1.3 Cyclic loading 36 3.1.4 Non-pressure loadings 36 3.1.4.1 Dead weight 36 3.1.4.2 Wind loading 36 3.1.4.3 Seismic loading 37 3.1.4.4 Blast loading 37 3.1.4.5 Transport loading 37 3.1.4.6 Wave motion loading 37 3.1.4.7 Piping and equipment loads 37 3.1.4.8 Piping loads on nozzles 37 3.2 Fluid classification 37 3.2.1 The state of the fluid contents 37 3.2.2 The fluid group 37 3.3 Size and configuration 38 3.3.1 Size 38 3.3.2 Configuration 38 3.3.3 Nozzles and inspection openings 38 3.3.3.1 Nozzle size 38 3.3.3.2 Connection type 39 PN designated flanges 39 3.4 Materials and corrosion 40 3.4.1 Explanation of terms 40 Standard abbreviations for chemical elements 40 3.4.2 Selection of materials 40 3.4.2.1 Process chemistry 40 3.4.2.2 Process conditions 41 3.4.2.3 Fluid velocity 41 3.4.2.4 Compatibility 41 3.4.2.5 Cost 41 3.4.2.6 Availability 41 3.4.2.7 Weight 41 3.4.3 Typical materials 41 3.4.3.1 Ferrous metals 41 Carbon steel and low alloy steels 41 3.4.3.2 Non-ferrous metals 42 Nickel rich alloys 42 Nickel alloys 43 Copper alloys 43 Aluminium alloys 43 Reactive metals 44 3.4.3.3 Non-metallic materials 45 Composites 45 Glass 45 Graphite 45 Plastics 45 ETC.

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9781860583452
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 228
  • ID: 9781860583452
  • weight: 814
  • ISBN10: 1860583458

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