The work of Jurgen Habermas (b. 1929) has been highly influential both in philosophy and across many disciplines in the social sciences. David Ingram here provides an introduction to Habermas's complex thought as it has evolved from 1953 to the present, spanning philosophy, religion, political science, social science, and law. One of today's most intriguing thinkers, Habermas is also notably prolific; for students and other readers who wish to navigate the philosopher's more than thirty books, the lucid and precise Habermas: Introduction and Analysis is a welcome starting point rich in insights.
Ingram's book addresses the entire range of Habermas's social theory, including his most recent and widely discussed contributions to religion, freedom and determinism, global democracy, and the consolidation of the European Union. Recognizing Habermas's position as a highly public intellectual, Ingram discusses how Habermas applies his own theory to pressing problems such as abortion, terrorism, genetic engineering, immigration, multiculturalism, separation of religion and state, technology and mass media, feminism, and human rights. He also presents a detailed critical analysis of Habermas's key claims and arguments.
Separate appendixes introduce and clarify such important concepts as causal, teleological, and narrative paradigms of explanation in action theory; contextualism versus rationalism in social scientific methods of interpretation; systems theory and functionalist explanation in social science; and decision and collective choice theory.
1: A Public Intellectual Committed to Reason Habermas's Life From the Critique of Ideology to the Dialectic of Enlightenment Outline of Chapters 2: Habermas's Defense of Psychoanalytic Social Science The Positivism Debate in German Social Science Modern Nihilism: The Crisis of Science and the Theory/ Practice Problem Knowledge and Human Interests A Critique of Knowledge and Human Interests 3: The Linguistic Turn TCA and the Dialectic of Enlightenment Situating Habermas's Philosophy of Language Transcendental Philosophy of Language as Rational Reconstruction Universal Pragmatics and Formal Semantics Formal Pragmatics and Speech Act Theory Discourse Communicative and Strategic Speech Acts A Critique of Universal Pragmatics 4: Knowledge and Truth Revisited Subject-Object Paradigms of Knowledge Internal Realism Reference and Meaning Knowledge and Evolution Moral Realism Is Formal Pragmatism a Defensible Alternative to Realism and Contextualism? 5: Discourse Ethics Practical Reason: Delimiting the Domain of the Moral The Priority of the Right over the Good Modernity and Moral Development Deontological Moral Theory and Universalizability: Kant and Rawls Moral Cognitivism versus Moral Skepticism Moral Argumentation as Discourse Neo-Aristotelian Objections and the Abortion Controversy Justification and Application Discourse Ethics Applied: Genetic Testing and the Future of Human Nature Problems and Paradoxes Habermas's Ideal of Argumentation: A Final Assessment 6: Law and Democracy: Part I: The Foundational Rights Modern Law and Morality: A Paradoxical Wedding of Facts and Norms Situating Habermas's Theory of Law and Democracy: Some Contemporary Debates The Sociological Genesis of Modern Law The System of Rights Negative and Positive Rights (Duties) Constitutional Foundations Human Rights: Subsistence as a Test Case for a Juridical Conception of Rights Final Thoughts on the Procedural Ideal of Deliberative Democracy 7: Law and Democracy: Part II: Power and the Clash of Paradigms Democracy and the Powers of Government The Separation of Powers The Transmission of Communicative Power: From Public Sphere to Government Administration Discourse and Adjudication The Proceduralist Paradigm of Law and Democracy A Concluding Assessment 8: Law and Democracy: Part III: Applying the Proceduralist Paradigm Separation of Church and State: The Public/ Private Distinction Gender Difference and the Law Multiculturalism Immigration 9: Law and Democracy: Part IV: Social Complexity and a Critical Assessment Questioning the Proceduralist Paradigm Substantive Economic Justice and Workplace Democracy The Technological Dimension of Democracy Revolution and Democracy 10: Crisis and Pathology: The Future of Democracy in a Global Age Capitalism and the Crisis of Democracy Social Pathologies and the Colonization of the Lifeworld Globalization: The New Challenge Cosmopolitan Democracy and Global Politics as a Response to Global Crisis Politics and the Rule of Law in International Relations The Constitutionalization of International Relations The Limits of Democratization: A Critical Assessment 11: Postsecular Postscript: Modernity and Its Discontents Marx on the Evolution of Modern Society Weber on Modernization and the Problem of Meaning Secularization and the Rationalization of the Lifeworld Between Past and Future: Art, Religion, and the Dialectic of Enlightenment Revisited Appendix A: Explaining Action Appendix B: Understanding Action Appendix C: Habermas and Brandom Appendix D: Developmental Psychology Appendix E: Rational Choice Theory Appendix F: Systems Theory Index