Over 20 million people are working part-time in the United States, more than six million of them involuntarily. Both Time and Fortune magazines have run recent cover stories about this constrained faction of the workforce, who tend to earn on average 40 percent less than full-time workers. Addressing this disturbing trend, Chris Tilly presents a current, in-depth analysis of how U.S. businesses use part-time employment, and why they are using it more and more.Worker demand for part-time jobs peaked more than twenty years ago, but employers' desires for cheap labor and schedule flexibility have continued to drive the long-term growth of part-time jobs. Tilly argues that this growth is a reaction to the expanding trade and service industries, which, by their nature, depend on part-time workers. Examining the nature and purposes of the different types of part-time employment, he explores the roots of part-time jobs in the organization of work, and the inadequacies of existing public policies on part-time employment.Using not only statistical analysis but over eighty interviews with employers in the retail and insurance industries, Tilly suggests new approaches to providing flexibility without insecurity.
Chris Tilly is Associate Professor in the Department of Policy and Planning at the University of Massachusetts at Lowell.
List of Tables and Figures Acknowledgments 1. Half a Job Is Not Enough 2. Why Has Part-Time Employment Continued to Grow? 3. Two Theoretical Frameworks 4. Good and Bad Part-Time Jobs 5. Implications of the Distinction Between Good and Bad Part-Time Jobs 6. How Businesses Set the Level of Part-Time Employment 7. Cycles and Trends 8. The Case for New Policies Appendix: A Formal Model of the Cyclical Adjustment of Part-Time Employment in Noncyclical Industries Notes References Index