In this comprehensive reference work, Kevin Gallagher has compiled a fresh and broad-ranging collection of expert voices commenting on the interdisciplinary field of trade and the environment. For over two decades policymakers and scholars have been struggling to understand the relationship between international trade in a globalizing world and its effects on the natural environment. The authors in this Handbook provide the tools to do just that.
The editor's well-worked introduction synthesizes the emerging themes of the collection, which is divided into three sections: trade and environmental quality, trade and environmental politics, and trade and environmental policy. Topics include the extent to which trade liberalization creates `pollution havens' where dirty industries flock to poorer countries with lax environmental standards, and conversely, how multinational corporations bring `cleaner' environmental technologies to developing countries when they choose to move abroad. The volume also addresses the extent to which national environmental policy and/or global environmental agreements clash with the emerging rules of the World Trade Organization and whether such environmental policies hinder export competitiveness. Finally, numerous political economy analyses of the complex political coalitions that arise to adapt to and mitigate changes in trade and environmental policy are provided. In addition to broader overviews of the field, in-depth case studies of nations and regions are offered, including the United States, the European Union, China, India and Mexico as well East Asia, Latin America, and Africa.
The volume will serve as a guide for scholars new to the field as well as students and policy-makers needing a quick reference to the research on the interface between trade and the environment.
Edited by Kevin P. Gallagher, Associate Professor of International Relations, Boston University and Senior Researcher, Global Development and Environment Institute, Tufts University, US
Contents: Introduction: International Trade and the Environment Kevin P. Gallagher PART I: TRADE AND ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY 1. Pre-empting NIS Introductions: Targeting Policy Christopher Costello, Chad Lawley and Carol McAusland 2. International Trade and Global Shipping James J. Corbett and James J. Winebrake 3. The Environmental Kuznets Curve James Van Alstine and Eric Neumayer 4. The Pollution Haven Hypothesis Brian R. Copeland 5. Trade, Natural Resources and Developing Countries Edward B. Barbier 6. Foreign Direct Investment and Sustainable Industrial Development Lyuba Zarsky 7. Globalization and the Environment: Convergence or Divergence? James K. Boyce 8. The Relation Between International Trade and Water Resources Management A.Y. Hoekstra 9. The Environmental Costs of Mexico-USA Maize Trade Under NAFTA Timothy A. Wise 10. The Impact of Open Trade and Investment Regimes on Environmental Outcomes in East Asia's Capitalist Developmental States Michael T. Rock and David Angel 11. Foreign Direct Investment and Clean Technology Leapfrogging in China Kelly Sims Gallagher PART II: TRADE AND ENVIRONMENTAL POLITICS 12. Global Mechanisms for Greening TNCs: Inching Towards Corporate Accountability? Jennifer Clapp 13. Civil Society Participation in Trade Policy-making in Latin America: The Case of the Environmental Movement Peter Newell 14. Trade Conflict Over Genetically Modified Organisms Thomas Bernauer and Philipp Aerni 15. The Politics of Trade and Environment in the European Union Henrik Selin and Stacy D. VanDeveer 16. Environmental Politics and Global Shipping Trade: Club Goods as a Solution to Common-Pool Resource Problems Elizabeth R. DeSombre 17. Fair Trade, Gender and the Environment In Africa Laura T. Raynolds and Jennifer A. Keahey 18. The Global Waste Trade and Environmental Justice Struggles David Naguib Pellow PART III: TRADE AND ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY 19. An Introduction to the Trade and Environment Debate Steve Charnovitz 20. The WTO, Services and the Environment Robert K. Stumberg 21. Biodiversity, Intellectual Property Rights Regime, and Indigenous Knowledge System at the WTO: Revisiting the Unresolved Issues Sachin Chaturvedi 22. Investor Rights and Sustainable Development Chris Tollefson and W.A.W. Neilson 23. Does Environmental Policy Affect Trade? The Case of EU Chemicals Policy Frank Ackerman 24. Environmental Regulation, Globalization and Innovation Nicholas A. Ashford 25. Trade and Environment Policy-Making in the Arab Region Carol Chouchani Cherfane 26. Trade and Environment Institutions J. Samuel Barkin 27. Redesigning the World's Trading System for Environmentally Sustainable Development Alejandro Nadal Index