Hearing Conservation: In Occupational, Recreational, Educational, and Home Settings

Hearing Conservation: In Occupational, Recreational, Educational, and Home Settings

By: Vishakha Waman Rawool (editor)Paperback

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This is a book that will be of great service to practitioners involved in developing, implementing, and maintaining hearing conservation programs. -- Canadian Hearing Report According to the National Institutes of Occupational Safety and Health, approximately 30 million employees are exposed to dangerous noise levels at work and an additional nine million workers are at risk for hearing loss from other ototoxins such as metals and solvents. Millions of children and young adults are also at risk for noise-induced hearing loss in non-occupational settings. Hearing Conservation: In Occupational, Recreational, Education, and Home Settings is the most current text to cover all major topics related to noise-induced hearing loss, including the military, construction, manufacturing, mining, transportation, the music industry, the home environment, education settings, and recreational arenas. From the underlying principles of hearing loss to audiometric testing procedures to assessment of hearing conservation programs, this book is packed with information for audiologists and other members of the interdisciplinary team who provide hearing conservation services for at-risk groups. Special Features: Many examples of audiometric data, that enhance understanding of all types of hearing impairment, test procedures, and standard threshold shift calculations Protocols for comprehensive audiological, tinnitus, and auditory processing evaluations Clinical pathways and follow-up action steps when a standard threshold shift is confirmed, including decisions about worker compensation in occupational settings Assessment of the effectiveness of a wide range of hearing conservation programs and correction of deficiencies, along with training, educational, and motivational techniques The most current information about hearing protection and enhancement devices, related regulations, selection and fitting, and training workers in how to use them for optimal results Comprehensive in scope, easily accessible, and useful to both clinicians and investigators,Hearing Conservation: In Occupational, Recreational, Education, and Home Settings is essential for audiologists, occupational hearing conservationists, otolaryngologists, internists, occupational nurses, noise control engineers, and any other practitioner who plays a role in developing, implementing, and maintaining hearing conservation measures. It is also an excellent text for graduate level audiology courses in hearing conservation.

About Author

Department of Speech Pathology Audiology; West Virginia University; West Virginia; USA


Chapter 1: Effects of noise and need for hearing conservation Chapter Objectives Effects of noise on the auditory system Outer ear Middle ear Inner ear Auditory nerve Central auditory system ffects of noise Reduced audibility Tinnitus (Ringing in ears) Hyperacusis (Greatly increased sensitivity to sound) Effect of noise on Job productivity Interference with the ability to communicate Concentration Fatigue Annoyance Non-auditory effects of noise Sleep Cardiovascular health Interaction of Noise with other Ototoxins Heavy metals Organic solvents Asphyxiants including Carbon Monoxide Ototoxic medications Nicotine Occupations that cause exposure to potentially hazardous noise Agriculture Construction Military Manufacturing Mining Transportation industries including Coast guard Musicians Disc Jockeys Need for hearing conservation Statistics Number of workers exposed to hazardous noise levels Recreational noise exposure Individuals with noise induced hearing loss Noise induced hearing loss in children and young adults Workman disability compensation due to noise induced hearing loss The amount spent annually Cost of treatment of hearing loss Essential Components of Hearing Conservation Chapter Key points Discussion Questions References Chapter 2: Noise Measurement This chapter will include information about the types of noise, principles of noise measurement, equipment used in measuring noise, procedures for measuring risk of hazardous noise exposures, measurement of audiometric testing room noise and all related standards and regulations. It will also include information about different exchange rates and how they were derived. Chapter 3: Noise control This chapter will include information about administrative and engineering noise control strategies. It will discuss strategies for reducing noise at the source, along the mode of propagation, and near the worker. It will also include detailed information about sound absorption properties of different materials. Chapter 4: Audiometric Testing in the Context of Hearing Conservation This chapter will provide detailed information about all aspects related to audiometric testing including equipment calibration procedures, case-history, otoscopic examination, test instructions, detailed audiometric test procedures and record-keeping. It will also provide information about testing individuals who are difficult to test. Chapter 5: Follow-up Procedures after Audiometric Testing This chapter will provide detailed information about follow-up procedures for a variety of audiometric findings. It will include examples of calculation of standard threshold shifts and identification of problem audiograms. Chapter 6: Hearing Protection Devices This chapter will include information about Hearing Protection devices suitable for a variety of work settings and communication headsets that allow effective communication while providing hearing protection. Procedure for selecting and fitting hearing protection devices and measuring attenuation provided by each device will also be described. Chapter 7: Training and Motivating Workers to Follow Hearing Conservation Procedures This chapter will review literature related to barriers to following hearing conservation procedures and suggest strategies for training and motivation workers to follow hearing conservation procedures. Regulatory requirements for training will also be reviewed. Chapter 8: Recording, Evaluating and Improving the Effectiveness of Hearing Conservation Programs This chapter will include information about how to keep accurate records of all the various components of hearing conservation programs and related regulatory requirement. In addition, it will discuss strategies for evaluating the effectiveness of hearing conservation programs and for making any necessary changes for improving the programs. Chapter 9: Preventing Hearing loss in Musicians This chapter will provide a review of literature related to hearing loss in musicians. In addition it will provide strategies for hearing conservation for musicians, information about special hearing protection devices for musicians and amplification and other coping strategies for musicians with hearing loss. Chapter 10: Hearing Conservation in other settings This chapter will include hazardous noise exposure levels and hearing conservation strategies during various recreational activities or hobbies including motor bicycles, aerobics, video-arcades, firecrackers and several other activities. It will also include information about residential or community noise exposure and city noise ordinances. Chapter 11: Worker's Compensation for Noise Induced Hearing Loss This chapter will include information about calculation of percent of handicap based on audiogram and other information (e.g. tinnitus, speech recognition scores) in determining if a worker is eligible for compensation and the amount of compensation including any benefits such as hearing aids he/she may receive. Differences in handicap determination strategies used by various agencies will be reviewed including those used by the Veterans Administration (VA). Chapter 12: Support for Workers with Noise Induced Hearing Loss This chapter will review research related to the emotional and practical issues faced by workers with noise induced hearing loss that continue to work in noisy surroundings. Strategies for alleviating difficulties and providing a safe working environment will be discussed. Chapter 13: Hearing Conservation in Educational Settings This chapter will include comprehensive information about providing hearing conservation during activities such as wood-work, aerobics, band class, proms etc. In addition it will include curricula designed for providing information about prevention of noise induced hearing loss to preschool, elementary, middle school, and high school children. Effectiveness of currently available commercial materials for promoting hearing conservation in children will also be reviewed. Chapter 14: Future Trends in Hearing Conservation This chapter will include research that is exploring the possibility of use of drugs or vitamins (e.g. magnesium) to prevent noise induced hearing loss and techniques such as hair cell regeneration to treat noise induced hearing loss. Appendix I: Website Resources related to Hearing Conservation Appendix II: List of National and International Standards related to Hearing Conservation Author Index Subject Index

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9781604062564
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 336
  • ID: 9781604062564
  • weight: 820
  • ISBN10: 1604062568

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