Philo of Alexandria represented a classic assimilation of the Greek dualist view (bi-partite body and soul), into the traditional Hebraic concept, and it was generally assumed that those who followed, particularly the writers of the New Testament, continued to uphold the assimilated view. Examining this view in the light of recent scholarship and the biblical texts, this volume concludes that, while the Apostle Paul must have been exposed to hellenistic concepts of the human as bi-partite, he resisted this interpretation, developing the fundamental Hebraic concept into a distinctively Christian anthropology. The interaction of the two views reached its climax in the Corinthian correspondence, where Paul clearly reversed the hellenized interpretation. The primary emphasis of this work lies in the integration of historical developments with in-depth textual study, bringing the biblical perspectives into closer harmony with contemporary psychological understandings. The work opens up the possibility of further examination of the New Testament (particularly the Gospels and the Book of Hebrews), by the same criteria.