This monograph explores the biographical and autobiographical works of seven 20th-century Spanish women writers: Josefina Aldecoa, Mercedes Formica, Dolores Ibarruri, Pilar Jaraiz Franco, Federica Montseny, Constancia de la Mora, and Isabel Oyarzabal de Palencia. Literary and political figures, these women contest traditional versions of Spanish history through their published works, and offer different perspectives on the role of women within that history. They address the past from diverse ideological standpoints - communism, republicanism, socialism, anarchism and fascism. The text examines the construction of the identity of the female historical subject within a specific sociopolitical context, drawing on relevant critical work from the fields of historicism, feminism and cultural studies.
Writing the female subject - auto/biography, history, feminism, rewriting 16th-century Spain; Maria de Mendoza -Mercedes Formica; la hija de Don Juan de Austria - Mercedes Formica; conflicting ideologies fascism and feminism - gender and nation in autobiography - Mercedes Formica; reinventing the past -memory and fiction - Josefina Aldecoa; challenging gender roles -woman under communism - Dolores Ibarruri, an anarchist past -Federica Montseny; rejecting a conservative heritage -autobiographical dissidence - Pilar Jaraiz Franco, a quest for freedom - Isabel Oyarzabal de Palencia, the renunciation of splendour - Constancia de la Mora; conclusion.