Hobohemia and the Crucifixion Machine: Rival Images of a New World in 1930s Vancouver (Fabriks: Studies in the Working Class)

Hobohemia and the Crucifixion Machine: Rival Images of a New World in 1930s Vancouver (Fabriks: Studies in the Working Class)

By: Todd McCallum (author)Paperback

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Description

In the early years of the Great Depression, thousands of unemployed homeless transients settled into Vancouver's "hobo jungle." The jungle operated as a distinct community, in which goods were exchanged and shared directly, without benefit of currency. The organization of life was immediate and consensual, conducted in the absence of capital accumulation. But as the transients moved from the jungles to the city, they made innumerable demands on Vancouver's Relief Department, consuming financial resources at a rate that threatened the city with bankruptcy. In response, the municipality instituted a card-control system-no longer offering relief recipients currency to do with as they chose. It also implemented new investigative and assessment procedures, including office spies, to weed out organizational inefficiencies. McCallum argues that, threatened by this "ungovernable society," Vancouver's Relief Department employed Fordist management methods that ultimately stripped the transients of their individuality. Vancouver's municipal government entered into contractual relationships with dozens of private businesses, tendering bids for meals in much the same fashion as for printing jobs and construction projects. As a result, entrepreneurs clamoured to get their share of the state spending. With the emergence of work relief camps, the provincial government harnessed the only currency that homeless men possessed: their muscle. This new form of unfree labour aided the province in developing its tourist driven "image" economy, as well as facilitating the transportation of natural resources and manufactured goods. It also led eventually to the most significant protest movement of 1930s' Canada, the On-to-Ottawa Trek. Hobohemia and the Crucifixion Machine explores the connections between the history of transiency and that of Fordism, offering a new interpretation of the economic and political crises that wracked Canada in the early years of the Great Depression.

About Author

Todd McCallum is an assistant professor in the Department of History at Dalhousie University.

Contents

List of Tables vii Preface ix INTRODUCTION: From Fordlandia to Hobohemia Homeless Men and the Relief Industry 3 A Strike, a Conference, and a Riot December 1929 to January 1930 27 "Useless Knowledge" About Jungle Life The Utopian Practices of Hobohemia, 1930-32 69 The Crucifixion Machine and the Quest for Efficiency The Relief Industry, Administration 115 The Racket in Tickets and the Traffic in Lives The Relief Industry, Consumption 155 "Work Without Wages," or, Paving the Way for Economic Development The Relief Industry, Production 195 CONCLUSION: Vancouver, "The Mecca of the Surplus" 243 Notes 251 Bibliography 289 Index 301

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9781926836287
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 324
  • ID: 9781926836287
  • ISBN10: 1926836286

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