The biology of people in the past is a rapidly expanding field of historical study. Our capacity to understand the biology of historical populations is experiencing remarkable developments on both theoretical and analytical fronts. Human Biology and History weaves together the fields of biology, archaeology, and anthropology in an exchange of methods and theoretical perspectives that exemplify the interaction between human biology and history. The book presents methods developed for the analysis of biological material that can be applied to historical specimens to reveal the lifestyles and environments of individuals who lived thousands of years ago. Historical data sources are used to reveal the biology and population structure of past civilizations, while biological methods are used to interpret historical patterns and processes. This multi-disciplinary volume presents a unique interlacing of human biology and history to illustrate how individuals and societies have evolved over time.
It is an insightful reference for human biologists, historians, and students interested in the intriguing connections that can be made when scientific techniques are applied within a historical context.
HUMAN BIOLOGY AND HISTORY: THE SCOPE AND SCALE OF INTERACTION, Malcolm Smith ADAPTATION AND THE ENGLISH DEMOGRAPHIC REGIME, John Landers Adaptation and the Organic Economy The English Case: Population and Economy Adaptation and Maladaptation BRITISH POLYGYNY, Laura Betzig The British Peerage The Bastardy Ratio Household Size Household Composition Fornication Adultery Kings WARFARE AND POPULATION STRUCTURE, James H. Mielke Materials The Way of Finland Impact of the War Discussion and Summary ISONYMY ANALYSIS: THE POTENTIAL FOR APPLICATION OF QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF SURNAME DISTRIBUTIONS TO PROBLEMS IN HISTORICAL RESEARCH, Malcolm Smith Surname Studies in History Surname Studies in Biological Anthropology Marital Isonymy Random Isonymy Case Studies Case Study: Coastguards at Selsey Case Study: Occupations in Fylingdales The Application of Isonymy to Historical Questions CALCULATING NUTRITIONAL STATUS IN THE PAST FROM HISTORICAL SOURCES, Derek J. Oddy Sources for Calculating Nutritional Status Dietary Analysis Results Long-term Trends THE ACHIEVEMENTS OF ANTHROPOMETRIC HISTORY, Roderick Floud The Pattern of Change in Height Height and the 'Standard of Living' Debate Future Challenges PALAEOBIOLOGY AS A TOOL FOR THE STUDY OF SURVIVAL OF PAST POPULATIONS, Pia Bennike Neanderthals and the Upper Palaeolithic Populations Palaeopathology and Palaeodemography of Neanderthals The Upper Palaeolithic Population The Mesolithic and Neolithic Populations The Mesolithic Population The Greenland Eskimos and the Norse The Norse 'OBSERVE: OUR NOSES WERE MADE TO CARRY SPECTACLES, SO WE HAVE SPECTACLES', Christopher J. Knusel The Panglossian Paradigm Plasticity: Definitions and Historical Context The Origins of Modern Interest in Plastic Change Controversy and Context Early Developments MINES, MEALS AND MOVEMENT: A HUMAN ECOLOGICAL APPROACH TO THE INTERFACE OF 'HISTORY AND BIOLOGY', Holger Schutkowski Historical Biomonitoring Residential Mobility Dietary Behaviour
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