For undergraduates taking introduction courses in communication sciences and disorders. This leading introductory book on communication disorders uses student-friendly content to explore current research, central theories, and the nuts and bolts of clinical therapy. Updated with the most current research and information, the newly revised eighth edition of Human Communication Disorders continues to cover a broad range of topics including speech and language development, genetics, the biology and physics of communication, and an overview of cultural and linguistic diversity. With an emphasis on evidence-based practice, experts in speech-language pathology and audiology place communication processes and communication disorders in perspective, define basic theories of causation, introduce identifying characteristics, and present an overview of procedures for evaluation and treatment - while at the same time focusing on the real people who both have communication disorders and the real people who study them. The new eighth edition has been rewritten with a more contemporary, student-friendly approach and style that makes the content more engaging and easier to process.
Preface CHAPTER ONEIntroduction: Human Communication Disorders:A Philosophy and Practice of Science in ServiceNoma B. Anderson (Florida International University) and Shelly Chabon (Rockhurst University) Personal PerspectivesWho Is Served?What Services Are Provided?Where Are Services Provided?When Are Services Provided?How Are Services Provided?Service and Science: How? How Fast? How Often? How Much?Why Serve?Study Questions PART ONEBasic Communication Process CHAPTER TWODevelopment of Communication, Language, and SpeechRobert E. Owens, Jr (State University of New York, Geneseo) Personal PerspectiveCommunicationLanguageSpeechSummaryStudy Questions CHAPTER THREEThe Biology and Physics of SpeechRay D. Kent (University of Wisconsin, Madison) and Houri K. Vorperian (University of Wisconsin, Madison) Personal PerspectivesThe Biology of Speech: The Anatomy and Physiology of Speech ProductionThe Physics of Speech: Speech AcousticsSummaryStudy Questions CHAPTER FOURMulticultural and Multilingual Considerations Kay T. Payne (Howard University) Personal PerspectiveBasic Concepts Related to Culture and LanguageVarieties of American EnglishLanguage Differences and Communication DisordersNew Horizons in Multicultural/Multilingual IssuesSummaryStudy Questions Selected Readings CHAPTER FIVEGenetics: Basis for Development and DisordersLemmietta G. McNeilly (American Speech-Language-Hearing Association) Personal PerspectiveCase StudyDefinition of Genetics versus GenomicsInheritance PatternsGenetic TestingGenetic CounselingGene TherapyGenomic ApplicationsRole of Genetics in Human DevelopmentNew GeneticsHuman GenomeHuman Genetic Variation and HealthGenetics and Communication DisordersSocial and Behavioral ResearchInfusion of Genomics into Speech-Language PathologyEthical, Legal, and Cultural ImplicationsSummaryCase StudyStudy QuestionsSelected ReadingsWebsites of Interest PART TWODisorders of Speech CHAPTER SIXArticulatory and Phonological DisordersRichard G. Schwartz (The Graduate Center of the City University of New York) and Klara Marton (The Graduate Center of the City University of New York) Personal PerspectivesIntroductionThe nature of phonological disordersDeterminants of phonological disordersAssessmentInterventionSummaryCase StudyStudy QuestionsSelected ReadingsWebsites of Interest CHAPTER SEVENStuttering and Other Disorders of FluencyPeter R. Ramig (University of Colorado at Boulder) and Ryan Pollard (University of Pittsburgh, Emeritus) Personal PerspectivesTypes, Descriptions, and Definitions of Various Disfluency TypesTheories of CausationNormal DisfluencyThe Development of StutteringThe Assessment ProcessTherapy for StutteringPreventionCase Study Some Final Thoughts by a Prodigy of StutteringSummaryStudy QuestionsProjectsSelected Readings CHAPTER EIGHTVoice DisordersChristine Sapienza (University of Florida) , Douglas M. Hicks (Cleveland Clinic Foundation), and Bari Hoffmann Ruddy (University of Central Florida) Personal PerspectivesDescription of Voice DisordersAssessmentDefining Pitch, Loudness, Voice Quality, and Resonance General Classification of Voice ProblemsTrauma and Surgical ModificationExamples of Vocal Fold PathologiesCollecting and Assessing the Data about the VoiceIntervention for Voice DisordersSpeech without a LarynxCase StudyPreventionStudy QuestionsSelected ReadingsWebsites of Interest CHAPTER NINECleft Lip and Palate and other Craniofacial DisordersAnn W. Kummer (University of Cincinnati Medical Center) Personal PerspectiveCase studyStructures of the lip and palateCleft lip and palateOther craniofacial anomaliesEffect of clefts on feedingCauses of speech disorders secondary to cleftsNormal velopharyngeal function and velopharyngeal dysfunctionEffect of clefts and velopharyngeal dysfunction on speechInstrumental assessmentTreatment of speech disorders secondary to cleftsImportance of team careSummaryStudy questionsSelected readings and resources CHAPTER TENNeurogenic Disorders of Speech in Children and AdultsBruce E. Murdoch (The University of Queensland) Personal PerspectiveDefinitionsClassification, Causes, and Characteristic Features of Neurogenic Speech DisordersAssessment of Neurogenic Speech DisordersTreatment of Acquired Neurogenic Speech DisordersTreatment of Developmental Neurogenic Speech DisordersSummaryCase StudiesStudy QuestionsSelected ReadingsWebsites of Interest PART THREEDisorders of Language CHAPTER FOURTEENAphasia and Related Acquired Language DisordersAudrey L. Holland (University of Arizona, Emerita) Personal PerspectiveCase StudyAphasia and the BrainSyndromes of AphasiaMechanisms of AphasiaBilingual and Multilingual AphasiaThe Person with AphasiaThe Natural Recovery Process in AphasiaThe Assisted Recovery Process in AphasiaRelated DisordersSummaryCase StudyStudy QuestionsSelected ReadingsWebsites of InterestDVD's of Interest CHAPTER FIFTEENAugmentative and Alternative CommunicationKathleen A. Kangas and Lyle L. Lloyd Personal PerspectivesPotential Users of AACCategories of AACAAC ModelReasons for AAC SuccessCommunicative CompetenceTypes of ImpairmentsAssessmentInterventionFunding and Individual RightsOutcomes Measurement and Evidence-Based PracticeCase StudiesSummaryStudy QuestionsSelected ReadingsWebsites of Interest PART FOURDisorders of Swallowing CHAPTER SIXTEENSwallowing: Process and Disorders Barbara C. Sonies (University of Maryland and George Washington University) Personal PerspectiveCultural Competence and SwallowingNormal SwallowingNeurology of the SwallowSwallowing and Normal AgingAbnormal SwallowingDiagnosisSigns and SymptomsInstrumental Diagnostic ProceduresEvidence-Based TreatmentCompensatory Treatment ProceduresCase Study PART FIVEDisorders of Hearing CHAPTER SEVENTEENHearing and Hearing DisordersFrederick N. Martin (The University of Texas at Austin) and Bart E. Noble (Austin VA Outpatient Clinic) Personal PerspectivesIntroductionThe nature of soundDisorders of hearingTypes of hearing lossImplications of hearing lossSummaryCase studiesStudy questionsSelected readings CHAPTER EIGHTEENAudiologic RehabilitationAlice E. Holmes (The University of Florida) and Shawna M. Dell Personal PerspectivesIntroductionAmplification DevicesCounselingAssistive Listening DevicesTherapy Approaches for the Hearing ImpairedOutcome MeasuresSummaryCase StudiesSuggested ReadingsWebsites of Interest GlossaryReferencesAuthor IndexSubject Index