This volume adds to the extensive body of published research on visual communication as a source of meaning, knowledge, and behavior in contemporary culture. They reflect the increasing interest in visual communication from within and without the discipline. The major areas of research covered are visual perception, rhetoric, and the technologies of symbolic structures, and most of the chapters focus on the significance of identity as a key concept of visual communication research and as fundamental to understanding human communication. Chapters focus on visual intelligence, perception and memory, and cognition and provide a frame for understanding the connections among vision, meaning-making and development of self. Also considered are methods, practices, and theories of visual rhetoric.
A Common Standard Of Achievement. Human Rights. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The Human Rights Standards. The Mechanisms of Enforcement. Human Rights in the World. The Obstacles. Human Rights in Conflict. The Key Features of International Human Rights. The Universality of Human Rights. The Standard Of Free Speech. Free Speech. The UN Human Rights Commission and the Special Rapporteur. Media Independence. Media Independence and the Broader Context. Media Regulation. Protection against External Interference. Protection against Internal Interference. Statutory Limitations to Freedom of Expression. Free Speech in the European Region. Operational Procedure of the European Court. Challenges for the Future. Media Peformance And Human Rights. Education and Exposure. Human Rights Standards for Media Professionals. On the Freedom of Information. On the Protection of Privacy. On Discrimination. On the Presumption of Innocence. On the Prohibition of Propaganda. On the Prohibition of Incitement to Genocide. On the Public Exposure of Prisoners of War. On the Rights of Women. On Children's Rights. Human Rights and Corporate Responsibilities. The United Nations and Corporate Business: 'The Global Compact'. Corporate Ownership. Cultural Human Rights. Significance of Cultural Rights. Cultural Rights in International Law. The Right to Culture. The Right to Participate Fully in Cultural Life. The Right to the Protection of Cultural Identity. The Right to the Protection of National and International Cultural Property and Heritage. The Right to Protection of Moral and Material Interests of Works of Culture. The Right to Use One's Language in Private and Public. Sharing Benefits from Science and Technology. Participation in Technology Choice. Science and Technology Reporting from a Human Rights Perspective. The Human Rights Mandate of the Academic Community. Enforcement of Cultural Rights. The Issue of Justiciability. Human Rights In The Information Society. The Information Society? Visions without Critical Analysis. The Obstacles. Information. What Happened to Communication? Dialogue. The Human Right to Communicate. Right to Communicate: Its History. Road Maps. Bibliography and References. Essential Reading on Human Rights. Appendixes. Author Index. Subject Index.