Human Settlements and Planning for Ecological Sustainability: The Case of Mexico City (Urban and Industrial Environments)
By: Keith Pezzoli (author), John Friedmann (foreword_author)Paperback
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foreword by John Friedmann In many areas of the world, environmental degradation in and around human settlements is undermining prospects for both socioeconomic justice and ecological sustainability. To explore the issues involved in this worldwide problem, Keith Pezzoli focuses on a dramatic instance of conflict that grew out of the unauthorized penetration of human settlements into the Ajusco greenbelt zone, a vital part of Mexico City's ecological reserve. The Mexican government's initial response to these "irregular" human settlements was contradictory and reactive. Social unrest, ecological deterioration, and violence have all been part of the continuing crisis.The heart of the book is the story of what happened when residents of Los Belvederes, a group of Ajusco settlements, fought relocation by proposing that Los Belvederes be transformed into Colonias Ecolthe bo Productivas, or productive ecology settlements. Through innovative organized resistance, their grass-roots movement generated environmental and social action that eventually won crucial state support.
Pezzoli draws upon urban and regional planning theory and practice to examine biophysical as well as ethical and social sides of the story, and he uses the Mexican experience to identify planning strategies to link economy, ecology, and community in sustainable development.
Part 1 Human settlements and the question of sustainability: introduction; Mexico City's current status - a global and comparative perspective; urban-environmental policy and planning - international agendas/local realities. Part 2 The Valley of Mexico: history, power and the environment; Mexico City's urban-ecological coevolution; state-society relations and the production of human settlements; ecological arguments and the politics of containment. Mexico City's contested ecological reserve: the expansion of irregular settlement into the greenbelt zone of Ajusco; key actors and the overall balance of forces; popular mobilization in the formation of Los Belvederes -origins, structures and agendas. Part 4 Towards a poetical ecology of human settlements: grassroots environmental action at the frontier - the Colonia Ecologica Productiva movement; ecology as politics; conclusion.
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- ID: 9780262661140
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