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Human sex trafficking is believed to the most common form of modern day slavery. The victims of domestic and international sex trafficking are estimated to be in the millions. Most of these victims are female and children. They are enslaved in the commercial sex industry for little or no money. This book will explore human sex trafficking in several nations of origin and destination. This book will explore sex trafficking from the perspective that understanding its causes requires attention to global conditions while responding to it requires attention to local laws, policies and practices. Social service workers will need to understand how and why trafficking victims find it difficult to break free and why many victims will not cooperate with those persons who are attempting to assist them. This book will be useful to anti-trafficking agencies and personnel who wish to further understand the nature and extent of human sex trafficking in the U.S. and in countries of destination for sex trafficking. In addition, this book will be of use to students of human rights and social justice who want to join the effort to abolish human sex trafficking in our lifetime.
This book was published as a special issue of Women & Criminal Justice.
Frances P. Bernat is an Associate Professor in the School of Criminology and Criminal Justice at Arizona State University. She holds both a Juris Doctorate and a Ph.D. in Political Science. Her research focuses on current legal issues that impact on women as victims and offenders, and on the intersection of race and class on crime and punishment.
Introduction 1. Human Sex Trafficking, The Local Situation becomes Global: Laws and Policies Frances P. Bernat (Arizona State University) 2. International News Coverage of Human Trafficking Arrests and Prosecutions Erin Denton (McGill University) A Legal Response 3. Laws against Human Trafficking in 2005 in Japan Minoru Yokoyama (Kokugakuin University) 4. Taking Trafficking to Court May-Len Skilbrei (Fafo Institute for Applied International Studies, Norway) Sex Trafficking around the World 5. Victims of Sex Trafficking in Turkey: Characteristics, Motivations and Dynamics Oguzhan Omer Demir (Turkish National Police Academy) and James O. Finckenauer (Rutgers University) 6. Pimp Control and Violence: Domestic Sex Trafficking of Chicago Women and Girls Jody Raphael (DePaul University College of Law), Jessica Ashley and Mark Powers (Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority) 7. Understanding the Complexities of Human Trafficking and Child Sexual Exploitation: The Case of Southeast Asia Ashley G. Blackburn (University of North Texas), Robert W. Taylor (Caruth Police Institute) and Jennifer E. Davis (Caruth Police Institute) Solutions 8. T Visas: Prosecution Tool or Humanitarian Response? Joycelyn M. Pollock and Valerie Hollier (Texas State University - San Marcos) 9. Doors Wide Shut: Barriers to the Successful Delivery of Victim Services for Domestically Trafficked Minors in a Southern U.S. Metropolitan Area Joan A. Reid (University of South Florida) 10. Methodological Challenges: Getting Access to Active Sex Trafficking Ring Choo Kyungseok (University of Massachusetts - Lowell) Conclusion 11. Sex Trafficking, The Global becomes Local Frances P. Bernat and Heather Winkler (Arizona State University)
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