Hy Brasil: the Metamorphosis of an Island: From Cartographic Error to Celtic Elysium (Textxet Studies in Comparative Literature 69)
By: Barbara Freitag (author)Paperback
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Brasil Island, better known as Hy Brasil, is a phantom island. In the fourteenth century Mediterranean mapmakers marked it on nautical charts to the west of Ireland, and its continued presence on maps over the next six hundred years inspired enterprising seafarers to sail across the Atlantic in search of it. Writers, too, fell for its lure. While English writers envisioned the island as a place of commercial and colonial interest, artists and poets in Ireland fashioned it into a fairyland of Celtic lore. This pioneering study first traces the cartographic history of Brasil Island and examines its impact on English maritime exploration and literature. It investigates the Gaelicization process that the island underwent in nineteenth century and how it became associated with St Brendan. Finally, it pursues the Brasil Island trope in modern literature, the arts and popular culture.
Acknowledgements List of Images Preface The Cartographic History of Brasil Island Mediterranean Mapping and Naming Anglicization The Bristol Voyages and King Arthur on Brasil Island Brasil Island in Irish Folklore Oral Lore Brasil Island in Literature and Legend: The Older Tradition Gaelic Otherworlds Clerical Sea Voyages and St Brendan's Visit to Brasil Island Seventeenth- and Eighteenth-Century English Travellers' Tales An Aborted Irish Attempt to Write about the Island The Vision of Ulster: Brasil Island and National Identity Gaelicization "Hy Brasil: Paradise of the Pagan Irish" in Modern Literature and the Arts From High Art to Popular Culture: Hy Brasil's Broad Appeal Conclusion Appendix: Cartographic Appearances of Brasil Island Bibliography Index
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- ID: 9789042036413
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