This book marks a new development in the field of grammaticalisation studies, in that it extends the field of grammaticalisation studies from relatively homogeneous languages to those possessing well-established and institutionalised second language varieties. In Hypothetical Modality, special reference is made to Singaporean English, a native-speaker L2 dialect of considerable importance in the South-East Asian region, and to the expression in the dialect of hypothetical modality, which appears to be indistinguishable from non-hypothetical modality in terms of the use of preterite or past forms of modal verbs. Within a grammaticalisation framework, a number of factors can be seen to be relevant to an explanation, including substratum and contact features such as tense/aspect marking, levels of lexical retention as an individual (psychological) phenomenon, and the fact that such dialects have a discontinuity in their development. In addition, the book defines pragmatic approaches to the understanding of hypothetical modality, in both diachronic and synchronic terms.
1. Preamble; 2. Preface; 3. Abbreviations; 4. List of Figures; 5. List of Tables; 6. 1. Introduction; 7. 2. Hypothetical modality as a grammatical category; 8. 3. A diachronic corpus study of would; 9. 4. Singaporean English and substratum influences in the grammaticalisation of hypothetical modality; 10. 5. The interaction of tense and aspect in the grammaticalisation of counterfactuality; 11. 6. Hypothetical WILL: A study in retention; 12. 7. The Lexical Memory Traces Hypothesis; 13. 8. Conclusions; 14. Appendices; 15. Appendix 1: Chapter 6 Questionnaire; 16. Appendix 2: Chapter 6 Control Questionnaire; 17. Bibliography; 18. Selected bibliography; 19. Primary sources; 20. Name Index; 21. Subject Index