Since the 1980s, MRI scanners have told us much about brain function and played an important role in the clinical diagnosis of a number of conditions - both in the brain and the rest of the body. Their routine use has made the diagnosis of brain tumours and brain damage both quicker and more accurate. However, some neuroscientific advances, in particular those that relate specifically to the mind have provoked excitement and discussion in a number of disciplines. One of the most thought provoking developments in recent neuroscience has been the progress made with 'mind-reading'. There seems nothing more private than one's thoughts, some of which we might choose to share with others, and some not. Yet, until now, little has been published on the particular issue of privacy in relation to 'brain' or 'mind' reading. I know what you're thinking provides a fascinating, interdisciplinary account of the neuroscientific evidence on 'mind reading', as well as a thorough analysis of both legal and moral accounts of privacy. It brings together leading academics from the fields of psychology, neuroscience, philosophy, and law.
The book considers such issues as the use of imaging to detect awareness in those considered to be in a vegetative state. It looks at issues of mental imaging and national security, the neurobiology of violence, and issues regarding diminished responsibility in criminals, and thus reduced punishment. It also considers how the use of neuroimaging can and should be regulated. Providing a ground breaking exploration of how brain imaging technologies can throw light on our mental capacities, states, and acts, this is an important new book for psychologists, neuroscientists, bioethicists, philosophers, and lawyers.
1. Introduction ; BRAIN IMAGING AND MINDREADING: CURRENT PROGRESS AND CONCEPTUAL QUESTIONS ; 2. The Social Brain Hypothesis: An Evolutionary Perspective on the Neurobiology of Social Behaviour ; 3. Brain Reading ; 4. Mind Reading ; 5. Predicting Human Behaviour from Brain Structure ; MEDICAL APPLICATIONS OF MINDREADING THROUGH BRAIN IMAGING ; 6. When Thoughts Become Actions: Neuroimaging in Non-Responsive Patients ; 7. Where in the brain is pain? Evaluating painful experiences in non-communicative patients ; 8. Practitioners' Views on Neuroimaging: Mental and experiences in non-communicative patients ; 9. Brain Imaging in Clinical Psychiatry: Why? ; 10. Overcoming Self-Report: Possibilities and Limitations of Brain Imaging in Psychiatry ; CRIMINAL JUSTICE AND NATIONAL SECURITY: BRAIN IMAGING IN CRIMINAL TRIALS AND DEFENCE ; 11. The Neurobiology of Violence: Science and Law ; 12. Diminished Capacity, Neuroscience and Just Punishment ; 13. National Security, Brain Imaging, and Privacy ; MINDREADING AS A THREAT TO PRIVACY: EVALUATING THE RISKS AND PROTECTING PRIVACY ; 14. Brain Imaging and the Transparency Scenario ; 15. Neuroscience v. Privacy? A Democratic Perspective ; 16. Regulating Brain Imaging: Questions of Privacy, Informed Consent, and Human Dignity ; 17. Protecting Privacy Interests in Brain Images: The Limits of Consent. ; 18. Conclusion