This book highlights the present perceptions of the East and the West as seen through the eyes of eminent scholars from India, and in doing so, theorises on identity politics.
Identity Politics in India and Europe combines qualitative methods (20 interviews) with historical and philosophical analysis. The first part of the book discusses the history of perceptions between the Europe of Latin Christianity and the so-called Muslim world, starting from the 7th century onwards. The second part is devoted to a discussion on the emergence of modernity and how it changed the identity politics of earlier times. The third part explores the role that intellectual elites have to play. It comprises interviews of eminent scholars and thinkers in India such as Imtiaz Ahmad and Ashis Nandy. These make for an insightful read, especially as subtle ideological differences surface in their responses to a set of common questions.
The interviews are set in the historical context of the relations between Europe and the Muslim world and analysed from a theoretical angle, drawing from theories of modernity, conceptions of justice and notions of identity politics.
The book will be of great interest to the world of social science academia, especially those with specific interest in the history of transnational politics.
Michael Dusche holds a PhD in Philosophy and International Relations from the University of Frankfurt am Main. His thesis is published as Der Philosoph als Mediator (The Philosopher as a Mediator) (Vienna: Passagen Verlag, 2000). From 2000 to 2005, Dusche held the position of a senior assistant professor and DAAD lecturer at the Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. From 2005 to 2009 he held research positions at the University of Erfurt, Germany and F.H. Jena, Germany. Since June 2009, he has been a fellow at the Jawaharlal Nehru Institute of Advanced Study, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi.
Introduction I: "EUROPE" AND "THE MUSLIM WORLD" / A BRIEF HISTORY OF RECIPROCAL PERCEPTIONS Late Antiquity to the Beginnings of the Modern Era Encounters in the late Roman World Islam in Western Europe: Al-Andalus Encounter in the Levant: the Crusades At the gates of Vienna: the Ottomans in Europe The Reformation: Ushering in the Modern Era II: THE GLOBAL CONDITION: MODERNITY AND ITS CRITICS Culture and Identity in Modern Politics The World Polity Approach Institution Decoupling Actor and Action Rationality and Rationalisation Religion and the 'Religious' Progress and Teleology Principal and Agent Scientific Rationality The Modern Self The Liberal System Globalised The World Polity Diffusion The Statelessness of the World Polity Inclusion and Exclusion Identity Language Culture Politics Inclusive versus Identity Politics Identity Politics in Europe Identity Politics in India Freedom to Non-Development Development as Freedom Identity Politics and the Ramjanmabhumi Movement III: INTELLECTUAL ELITES AND NORMATIVE ORDERS IN INDIA, ISRAEL/PALESTINE AND TURKEY Introduction: Survey and Interviews Ashok Acharya Imtiaz Ahmad Anwar Alam Rajeev Bhargava Asoke Bhattacharya Anil Bhatti Roma Chatterji Asghar Ali Engineer Anjan Ghosh Qutub Jehan Kidwai & Shirin Huda Gurpreet Mahajan Shail Mayaram Deepak Mehta Salil Misra Ashis Nandy Aditya Nigam Devdutt Pattanaik Druv Raina Ruby Sain Zeenat Shaukat Ali Virginius Xaxa Appendix: Binary Oppositions in Counter-hegemonic Discourse References Index