Ideologies: An Analytic and Contextual Approach (2nd Revised edition)
By: Larry Johnston (author)Paperback
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Ideologies offers a fresh treatment of liberalism, conservatism, and socialism, as well as an examination of contemporary social movements such as feminism and environmentalism. Professor Johnston treats each ideology as a product of the intersection of ideas and particular socio-historical contexts. Thus liberalism, conservatism, and socialism are discussed first in the context of the transition from feudal society to liberal modernity, and again as they have evolved within the shifting contexts provided by ascendant liberalism. In this way it is possible to distinguish the often diverse bodies of opinion that employ a common ideological label, and at the same time, sketch and emerging ideological consensus that frequently cuts across ideological lines. Ideologies contains separate chapters on the liberal democratic consensus that has developed around conceptions of justice and democracy on the one hand, and the utility of the market economy on the other. Challenges to this twentieth century consensus from within the liberal democratic tradition are represented by anarchism, populism, feminism, and environmentalism.
External challenges from currents of authoritarianism, nationalism, and fundamentalism are also discussed, along with ideologies once powerful but currently out of favour-fascism and Marxist-Leninism. In the final chapter, the strengths and weaknesses of ideology are judged, and its future prospects assessed.
Larry Johnston is the author of Ideologies: An Analytic and Conceptual Approach (1996) and Between Transcendence and Nihilism (1995). A legislative researcher in Toronto since 1998, he was an academic consultant to the Ontario Citizens' Assembly on Electoral Reform in 2006. He has taught a variety of politics courses at the University of Toronto, McMaster University, and Ryerson University.
Preface Definitions and Dimensions a. Ideology Defined b. The Content of Ideology c. The Contexts of Ideology Ideologies: First Generation a. Liberalism b. Conservatism c. Socialism Ideologies: The Second Generation a. Liberalism Reforms b. Liberal Conservatism c. Socialist Schisms Towards Consensus: Justice and Democracy a. Justice b. Democracy Towards Consensus: Market Society Third Generation: Challenging the Consensus a. Anarchism b. Populism c. Feminism d. Environmentalism Outside the Consensus a. Authoritarianism b. Nationalism c. Marxism-Leninism/Stalinism d. Fascism & Religious Fundamentalism The Prospects of Ideology a. Ideology in the National Context b. Ideology and Party c. Beyond Ideology? Bibliography Index
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- ID: 9781442600348
2nd Revised edition
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