Illegal Peace in Africa: An Inquiry into the Legality of Power Sharing with Warlords, Rebels, and Junta
By: Jeremy I. Levitt (author)Hardback
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African states have become testing grounds for Western conflict-resolution experiments, particularly power-sharing agreements, supposedly intended to end deadly conflict, secure peace and build democracy in divided societies. This volume examines the legal and political efficacy of transitional political power-sharing between democratically constituted governments and the African warlords, rebels, or junta that seek to violently unseat them. What role does law indicate for itself to play in informing, shaping and regulating peace agreements? This book addresses this question and others through the prism of three West African case studies: Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea-Bissau. It applies the neo-Kadeshean model of analysis and offers a framework for a 'Law on Power-sharing'. In a field dominated by political scientists, and drawing from ancient and contemporary international law, this book represents the first substantive legal critique of the law, practice and politics of power-sharing.
Professor Jeremy Levitt is Distinguished Professor of International Law, Associate Dean for International Programs and Director of the Center for International Law and Justice (CILJ) at Florida A&M University (FAMU) College of Law in Orlando, Florida. He is an international lawyer and political scientist with extensive experience working with governments, international institutions and NGOs in fragile states and conflict zones. Professor Levitt has authored two books and edited three, and written numerous law reviews and other articles. In 2009, he co-edited a highly regarded text with Matthew C. Whitaker titled, Hurricane Katrina: America's Unnatural Disaster and in 2008, published a groundbreaking edited volume titled, Africa: Mapping New Boundaries in International Law. His most recent single-author volume is titled The Evolution of Deadly Conflict in Liberia: From 'Paternaltarianism' to State Collapse (2005). He earned his Doctorate of Philosophy in politics and international studies from the University of Cambridge, Juris Doctorate from the University of Wisconsin, Madison and Bachelor of Arts from Arizona State University.
1. Introduction; 2. Legalizing peace; 3. The question of power-sharing; 4. The conflicts in Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Guinea-Bissau; 5. The Accra, Lome, and Abuja Accords; 6. The domestic legality of power-sharing; 7. The regional legality of power-sharing; 8. The international legality of power-sharing; 9. Postscript: Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea-Bissau; 10. No law no peace; 11. Conclusion.
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- ID: 9780521888684
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