Image Sensors and Signal Processing for Digital Still Cameras (Optical Science and Engineering)
By: Junichi Nakamura (editor)Hardback
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Shrinking pixel sizes along with improvements in image sensors, optics, and electronics have elevated DSCs to levels of performance that match, and have the potential to surpass, that of silver-halide film cameras. Image Sensors and Signal Processing for Digital Still Cameras captures the current state of DSC image acquisition and signal processing technology and takes an all-inclusive look at the field, from the history of DSCs to future possibilities. The first chapter outlines the evolution of DSCs, their basic structure, and their major application classes. The next few chapters discuss high-quality optics that meet the requirements of better image sensors, the basic functions and performance parameters of image sensors, and detailed discussions of both CCD and CMOS image sensors. The book then discusses how color theory affects the uses of DSCs, presents basic image processing and camera control algorithms and examples of advanced image processing algorithms, explores the architecture and required performance of signal processing engines, and explains how to evaluate image quality for each component described.
The book closes with a look at future technologies and the challenges that must be overcome to realize them. With contributions from many active DSC experts, Image Sensors and Image Processing for Digital Still Cameras offers unparalleled real-world coverage and opens wide the door for future innovation.
Preface DIGITAL STILL CAMERAS AT A GLANCE; Kenji Toyoda What Is a Digital Still Camera? History of Digital Still Cameras Variations of Digital Still Cameras Basic Structure of Digital Still Cameras Applications of Digital Still Cameras OPTICS IN DIGITAL STILL CAMERAS; Takeshi Koyama Optical System Fundamentals and Standards for Evaluating Optical Performance Characteristics of DSC Imaging Optics Important Aspects of Imaging Optics Design for DSCs DSC Imaging Lens Zoom Types and Their Applications Conclusion References BASICS OF IMAGE SENSORS; Junichi Nakamura Functions of an Image Sensor Photodetector in a Pixel Noise Photoconversion Characteristics Array Performance Optical Format and Pixel Size CCD Image Sensor vs. CMOS Image Sensor References CCD IMAGE SENSORS; Tetsuo Yamada Basics of CCDs Structures and Characteristics of CCD Image Sensor DSC Applications Future Prospects References CMOS IMAGE SENSORS; Isao Takayanagi Introduction to CMOS Image Sensors CMOS Active Pixel Technology Signal Processing and Noise Behavior CMOS Image Sensors for DSC Applications Future Prospects of CMOS Image Sensors for DSC Applications References EVALUATION OF IMAGE SENSORS; Toyokazu Mizoguchi What is Evaluation of Image Sensors? Evaluation Environment Evaluation Methods COLOR THEORY AND ITS APPLICATION TO DIGITAL STILL CAMERAS; Po-Chieh Hung Color Theory Camera Spectral Sensitivity Characterization of a Camera White Balance Conversion for Display (Color Management) Summary References IMAGE-PROCESSING ALGORITHMS; Kazuhiro Sato Basic Image-Processing Algorithms Camera Control Algorithm Advanced Image Processing: How to Obtain Improved Image Quality References IMAGE-PROCESSING ENGINES; Seiichiro Watanabe Key Characteristics of an Image-Processing Engine Imaging Engine Architecture Comparison Analog Front End (AFE) Digital Back End (DBE) Future Design Engines References EVALUATION OF IMAGE QUALITY; Hideaki Yoshida What is Image Quality? General Items or Parameters Detailed Items or Factors Standards Relating to Image Quality SOME THOUGHTS ON FUTURE DIGITAL STILL CAMERAS; Eric R. Fossum The Future of DSC Image Sensors Some Future Digital Cameras References
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- ID: 9780849335457
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