News coverage of EU negotiations, children's war memories or TV series glamourising political processes - images pervade both private and public discourse, and visual communication plays a key role in our social negotiation of values. Conceptualising images as "images in use", this volume considers the agencies behind visual communication and its impact on society. Images in Use engages critically with traditional approaches to visual analysis, offers suggestions for alternative, socially situated analyses of images and demonstrates the explanatory force of thinking through "images in use" in a series of case studies. The conceptual contributions consider broader issues of critical theory, representation, as well as the mediatisation of politics. The case studies offer a survey of current visual communication including news coverage, political cartoons, political rhetoric, memory culture, celebrity humanitarianism, reality TV, as well as the narratives of blockbuster cinema and comics. This volume proposes a new approach to visual communication, situating images in their social contexts and identifying the real, rhetorical and political impact of their use.
1. Introduction (by Stocchetti, Matteo); 2. Part I. Approaches to visual communication and the question of power; 3. Chapter 1. Images: Who gets what, when and how? (by Stocchetti, Matteo); 4. Chapter 2. The critical tradition in visual studies: An introduction (by Herkman, Juha); 5. Chapter 3. The map, the mirror and the simulacrum: Visual communication and the question of power (by Kukkonen, Karin); 6. Chapter 4. Disenchantment with politics and the salience of images (by Wodak, Ruth); 7. Part II. Case studies: Visual communication in late modern society; 8. Chapter 5. Organising political consensus: The visual management of diplomatic negotiations and community relations in the Finnish accession to the EU (by Koski, Anne); 9. Chapter 6. Walls, doors and exciting encounters: Balkanism and its edges in Bulgarian political cartoons on European integration (by Curticapean, Alina); 10. Chapter 7. The politics of visual representation: Security, the US and the 'war on terrorism' (by Palu, Helle); 11. Chapter 8. The politics of identity and visuality: The case of Finnish war children (by Kuusisto-Arponen, Anna-Kaisa); 12. Chapter 9. Visual politics and celebrity humanitarianism: How colonial culture is revitalised in the West (by Yrjola, Riina); 13. Chapter 10. The economics of gay reality television: The visualisation of sexual difference in contemporary consumer cultur (by Kolehmainen, Marjo); 14. Chapter 11. Mending endings: Power and closure in film plots (by Dullaart, Gerda); 15. Chapter 12. Representing the state of exception: Power, utopia, visuality and narrative in superhero comics (by Miettinen, Mervi); 16. Index