Images, Perception, and Knowledge: Papers Deriving from and Related to the Philosophy of Science Workshop at Ontario, Canada, May 1974 (The Western On
By: J. M. Nicholas (author)Hardback
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Despite the strictures of the extreme Behaviourists, psychologists have been taking an increasing interest in the development of theories concerning the 'mechanisms' internal to humans and animals which permit perceptual, memory, and problem solving behaviour. One consideration which has enormously stimulated an interest in theories of internal cognitive represen- tation has been progress in the theory and the technology of computing machines, which has opened the promising prospect of computer simulation of human and animal psychological functions. What has developed is the possibility of constructing models of human psychology, realizing them in computer hardware, and testing the resultant machine performance against that of the human subject. A second consideration which helps motivate the construction of models of internal representation is the considerable advances in experimental and theoretical knowledge of the human brain understood from the neuro-anatomical view. The likely profit of adopting a narrowly Behaviourist methodology shrinks in the face of our growing, fine-grained knowledge of cerebral 'wetware'.
The purpose of this volume is selectively to exhibit some of the proposals concerning theories of internal representation which have been put forward in recent years. The area of central concern is the resurgence of interest in the role of imagery in cognition which has taken place in the last fifteen years.
What the Mind's Eye Tells the Mind's Brain: A Critique of Mental Imagery.- The Association of Images.- Images, Propositions, and Knowledge.- Mental Imagery and the Problems of Cognitive Representation: A Computer Simulation Approach.- The Separation and Integration of Related Semantic Information.- Interactions Between Philosophy and Artificial Intelligence: The Role of Intuition and Non-Logical Reasoning in Intelligence.- Concerning Imagery.- Holonomy and Structure in the Organization of Perception.- On the Distinction Between the Phenomenal and the Physical Object.- Unconscious Inference and Judgment in Perception.- To Know Your Own Mind.- The Subjective, Experiential Element in Perception.- Can Psychology Do Without Private Data?.
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