The relationship between different media has emerged as one of the most important areas of research in contemporary cultural and literary studies. But how should we conceive of the relationship between texts and images today? Should we speak of collaboration, interaction or competition? What is the role of literary, historical and scientific texts in a culture dominated by the visual? What is the status of images as cultural artefacts? Are images forms of representation, do they simulate reality or do they intervene in the material world? And how do literature and cultural theory - themselves essentially textual discourses - react to the much-discussed visual turn within Western culture? Does the concept of `intermediality' allow literary, historical and cultural scholars to envisage a more general theory of media? Addressing these questions from a programmatic point of view, the articles in this volume investigate the effects of different forms of representation in modern European and American literature, media and thought.
Christian J. Emden is Associate Professor of German Studies at Rice University, USA. He is the author of Nietzsche on Language, Consciousness, and the Body (2005), Walter Benjamins Archaologie der Moderne (2006), and Friedrich Nietzsche and the Politics of History (2008). Gabriele Rippl is Professor of English and American Literature at the University of Bern, Switzerland, and the author of Lebenstexte: Literarische Selbststilisierungen englischer Frauen in der fruhen Neuzeit (1998) and Beschreibungs-Kunst (2005).
Contents: Christian J. Emden/Gabriele Rippl: Introduction: Image, Text and Simulation - Aleida Assmann: The Shaping of Attention by Cultural Frames and Media Technology - Gabriele Rippl: English Literature and Its Other: Toward a Poetics of Intermediality - Christian J. Emden: Scanned Brains, Dyed Bacteria and Magnified Flies: On Scientific Images and Things - Renate Brosch: `Art Can Do Nothing without the Collaboration of the Beholder': Vernon Lee's Theory of Aesthetic Response - Cornelia Zumbusch: Images of History: Walter Benjamin and Aby Warburg - Julia Straub: Morphing and Mourning Beatrice: Mythopoesis in Dante Gabriel Rossetti and Julia Margaret Cameron - Bruno Arich-Gerz: The Eye-con-tactile, Mesmerism and Literature: Seeing the Feel in Hawthorne's The Marble Faun and William Gibson's Idoru - Nicole Wiedenmann: The Body of the Crowd: Revolutionary Masses in Image and Discourse - Hartmut Winkler: The Computer and the Audiovisual: Ruptures and Continuities in Media History - Kay Kirchmann: Parallel Universe: Reflections on the Suspicion of Simulation in Media Theory and Contemporary Film.