Imagining Exile in Heian Japan: Banishment in Law, Literature, and Cult
By: Jonathan Stockdale (author)Hardback
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For over three hundred years during the Heian period (794u1185), execution was customarily abolished in favor of banishment. During the same period, exile emerged widely as a concern within literature and legend, in poetry and diaries, and in the cultic imagination, as expressed in oracles and revelations. While exile was thus one sanction available to the state, it was also something more: a powerful trope through which members of court society imagined the banishment of gods and heavenly beings, of legendary and literary characters, and of historical fi gures, some transformed into spirits. This compelling and well-researched volume is the first in English toexplore the rich resonance of exile in the cultural life of the Japanese court. Rejecting the notion that such narratives merely refl ect a timeless literary archetype, Jonathan Stockdale shows instead that in every case exile emerged from particular historical circumstancesumoments in which elites in the capital sought to reveal and to re-imagine their world and the circulation of power within it.
By exploring the relationship of banishment to the structures of inclusion and exclusion upon which Heian court society rested, Stockdale moves beyond the historiographical discussion of ocenter and margino to off er instead a theory of exile itself. StockdaleAEs arguments are situated in astute and careful readings of Heian sources. His analysis of a literary narrative, the Tale of the Bamboo Cutter , for example, shows how KaguyahimeAEs exile from the oCapital of the Moono to earth implicitly portrays the world of the Heian court as a polluted periphery. His exploration of one of the most well-known historical instancesof banishment, that of Sugawara Michizane, illustrates how the political sanction of exile could be met with a religious rejoinder through which an exiled noble is reinstated in divine form, first as a vengeful spirit and then as a deity worshipped at the highest levels of court society. Imagining Exile in Heian Japan is a model of interdisciplinary scholarship that will appeal to anyone interested in the interwoven connections among the literature, politics, law, and religion of early and classical Japan.
Jonathan Stockdale is an associate professor of Japanese religion at the University of Puget Sound in Tacoma, Washington, USA.
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- ID: 9780824839833
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