This book examines the variation in high-skilled immigration policies in OECD countries. These countries face economic and social pressures from slowing productivity, ageing populations and pressing labour shortages. To address these inter-related challenges, the potential of the global labour market needs to be harnessed. Countries need to intensify their efforts to attract talented people - the best and the brightest. While some are excelling in this new marketplace, others lag behind. The book explores the reasons for this, analysing the interplay between interests and institutions. It considers the key role of coalitions between labour (both high- and low-skilled) and capital. Central to the analysis is a newly constructed index of openness to high-skilled immigrants, supplemented by detailed case studies of France, Germany, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States. The book contributes to the literature on immigration, political economy and public policy, and appeals to academic and policy audiences.
Dr Lucie Cerna is an analyst in the Directorate for Education and Skills at the OECD, Paris, France, and Research Associate at the Centre on Migration, Policy and Society (COMPAS), University of Oxford, UK. Previously she was a Lecturer at Merton College, University of Oxford, UK, and Assistant Professor in Global Challenges at Leiden University, the Netherlands.
PART I: INTRODUCTION AND THEORY.- Chapter 1. High-Skilled Immigration in Context.- Chapter 2. High-Skilled Immigration Policies and Coalitions.- Chapter 3. Measuring High-Skilled Immigration Policies.- PART II: COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF FRANCE, GERMANY, SWEDEN, THE UK AND THE US.- Chapter 4. Unions, Employers and the State in Germany and Sweden.- Chapter 5. The Lobbying of Associations in the UK and the US.- Chapter 6. The French State and (Silent) Labour Market Actors.- Chapter 7. Political Representation of High-Skilled Workers.- Chapter 8. Concluding Remarks and Policy Implications.