Bolivia has experienced two decades of unprecedented popular resistance to the consequences of neoliberal policies, resulting in the resignation and flight of its president in October 2003. This unusual book uncovers the reasons and processes behind the rising opposition - mirrored in country after country in Latin America - to this currently fashionable, internationally prescribed approach to economic development. It explores the problems faced by governments in reproducing global strategies at the national level, the tensions between markets and democracy, state restructuring, citizenship and property rights. It points to the problems inherent in retaining neoliberalism as the dominant paradigm in Latin America for the foreseeable future and the unlikely prospect of it putting down real roots of approval and legitimacy.
Benjamin Kohl is a member of the Department of Geography and Urban Studies, Temple University and a Visiting Scholar in the Department of City and Regional Planning, Cornell University. Linda Farthing, a journalist, educator and activist, has worked on Bolivia for 20 years, including living there for eight. She is a former regional director for the Americas at the School for International Training, and has extensive experience in grassroots community development in both Bolivia and Nepal.
Introduction: Entre fiestas y bloqueos (Between fiestas and blockades) 1. Neoliberal Globalization: The challenge of maintaining hegemony 2, From Francisco de Toledo to Jeffrey Sachs 3. The Neoliberal Invasion: Structural Adjustment and the New Economic Policy 4. The Neoliberal Reinvention of Bolivia: The Plan de Todos 5. Privatization Bolivian Style 6. Municipal Reform, Social Movements, and New Electoral Politics 7. The Neoliberal Wars: Water, Taxes, and Gas 8. Global Trends and Local Responses