The response of civil engineering works to earthquakes is the only real and conclusive proof of their adequacy or otherwise. However, earthquakes as natural geological phenomena are few and far-between, which is fortunate from a human point of view. Therefore, drawing important lessons from each and every earthquake is vital for improving the understanding of their effects and consequently for mitigating the effects of future earthquakes. It is in this context that this volume has been written, where a number of distinguished and internationally renowned earthquake engineers make contributions largely based on lessons from recent earthquakes. In particular, studies of the Kobe earthquake of 1995 and the more recent devastating earthquakes in Turkey and Greece (August and September 1999, respectively) are included. Through assimilation of the lessons learnt and dissemination of this information, it is hoped that, future earthquakes will not exact such a heavy toll.
Recent earthquakes: observations from two recent earthquakes -Kocaeli, Turkey, and Mount Parnes, Greece; damage of bridges in the 1999 Kocaeli, Turkey, and Chi-Chi, Taiwan earthquakes; vulnerability functions for Japanese buildings based on damage data from the 1995 Kobe earthquake. Engineering seismology and geotechnics: modelling of stress-strain relationships of a reconstituted gravel subjected to large cyclic loading; the feasibility of using real accelerograms for seismic design; elaboration of a SSI macro-element with uplift of shallow foundation. Structural earthquake engineering: experimental studies of the response of hollow bridge piers; a transparent nonlinear method for seismic performance evaluation; an evaluation of load carrying capacity of beam-to-column connections limited by fracture. (Part contents)