Improving the Effectiveness of the Helping Professions: An Evidence-based Approach to Practice

Improving the Effectiveness of the Helping Professions: An Evidence-based Approach to Practice

By: Morley D. Glicken (author)Hardback

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The current practice of counselling, psychotherapy, and most helping professions often relies on clinical wisdom with little evidence of what actually works. Clinical wisdom is often a justification for beliefs and values that bond people together as professionals but often fails to serve clients since many of those beliefs and values may be comforting, but they may also be inherently incorrect. "Improving the Effectiveness of the Helping Professions" covers the use of research and critical thinking to assist helping professionals make the most effective choices in treating clients with social and emotional problems. The use of evidence-based practice (EBP) comes at a time when managed care and concerns over health care costs coincide with growing concerns that psychotherapy, case management, and counseling may not be sufficiently effective ways of helping people in social and emotional difficulty.

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About Author

Dr. Morley D. Glicken is the former Dean of the Worden School of Social Service in San Antonio; the founding director of the Master of Social Work Department at California State University, San Bernardino; the past Director of the Master of Social Work Program at the University of Alabama; and the former Executive Director of Jewish Family Service of Greater Tucson. He has also held faculty positions in social work at the University of Kansas and Arizona State University. He currently teaches in the Department of Social Work at Arizona State University in Tempe, Arizona. Dr. Glicken received his BA degree in social work with a minor in psychology from the University of North Dakota and holds an Master of Social Work degree from the University of Washington and the Master of Public Administration and Doctor of Social Work degrees from the University of Utah. He is a member of Phi Kappa Phi Honorary Fraternity. In 2010, Praeger Press published his books on workaholism and retirement and another on mature love. In 2009, Praeger Press published his book A Simple Guide to Retirement (with Brian Haas). Elsevier, Inc. published his books Evidence-Based Practice with Troubled Children and Adolescents: A Psychosocial Perspective and, Evidence Based Counseling and Psychotherapy with an Aging Population, also in 2009. In 2008 he published A Guide to Writing for Human Service Professionals for Rowman and Littlefield Publishers. In 2006 he published Life Lessons from Resilient People, published by Sage Publications. He published Working with Troubled Men: A Practitioner's Guide for Lawrence Erlbaum Publishers in 2005 and Improving the Effectiveness of the Helping Professions: An Evidence-Based Approach to Practice in 2004 for Sage Publications. In 2003 he published Violent Young Children, and Understanding and Using the Strengths Perspective for Allyn and Bacon/Longman Publishers. Dr. Glicken published two books for Allyn and Bacon/Longman Publishers in 2002: The Role of the Helping Professions in the Treatment of Victims and Perpetrators of Crime (with Dale Sechrest) and, A Simple Guide to Social Research. Dr Glicken has published over 50 articles in professional journals and has written extensively on personnel issues for Dow Jones, the publisher of the Wall Street Journal. He has held clinical social work licenses in Alabama and Kansas and is a member of the Academy of Certified Social Workers. He is currently Professor Emeritus in Social Work at California State University, San Bernardino and Executive Director of the Institute for Personal Growth: A Research, Treatment, and Training Institute in Prescott, Arizona offering consulting services in counseling, research, and management. More information about Dr. Glicken may be obtained on his website: A listing of all of his books may be found on at: and he can be contacted by email at:


Acknowledgments & Preface Part 1: THE CORE BELIEFS OF EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE Chapter 1: An Explanation of Evidence-Based Practice Definitions of EBP Concerns About EBP From the Practice Community Additional Criticisms of EBP With Responses Is Evidence-Based Practice Applicable to the Helping Professions? Summary Integrative Questions References Chapter 2: A Simple Guide to Reading and Understanding Practice Research Understanding the Scientific Method A Few Important Issues to Consider When Reading Research The Types of Research Studies Quantitative (Empirical) Designs Controlling for False Findings: Internal and External Validity Internal Validity: Threats to Finding Cause-Effect Relationships External Validity: Problems in Research That Limit Our Ability to Generalize Our Findings to Other Similar People, Situations, or Events Sampling: A General Discussion Sampling a Population Whose Members Are Known: Probability Sampling Sampling a Population Whose Members Are Not Known: Nonprobability Sampling Incorrect Conclusions Reviews of Research That Yield Best Evidence Applying Best Evidence to Practice Summary Integrative Questions References Chapter 3: The Importance of Critical Thinking in Evidence-Based Practice Ways of Knowing Mythologized Knowledge Understanding the Logical Progressions in Research Ideas Summary Integrative Questions References Chapter 4: Locating Relevant Clinical Research Useful and Not-So-Useful Sources Evaluating the Quality of Articles Reviewed Locating Relevant Research Locating Evidence-Based Material on the Internet Common Internet Sources Summary Integrative Questions References Part 2: HOW EBP VIEWS DIAGNOSIS, ASSESSMENT, AND WORKER- CLIENT RELATIONSHIPS Chapter 5: Using Evidence-Based Practice in Diagnosis Concerns About the Diagnostic Process Reducing Errors in Diagnosis The Adverse Impact of Labeling Case Study: A Culturally Sensitive Diagnosis Examples of EBP Diagnostic Data Case Study: A Misdiagnosis Highly Aggressive and Violent Young Children Summary Integrative Questions References Chapter 6: Evidence-Based Practice and Psychosocial Assessments Case Study: Evidence-Based Practice and the Assessment Process The Psychosocial Assessment Outline and the Relevant Information Pertaining to the Case Summary Integrative Questions References Chapter 7: Evidence-Based Practice and the Client-Worker Relationship: The Significance of the Therapeutic Relationship Defining the Therapeutic Relationship Evidence of the Importance of the Therapeutic Relationship to Treatment Outcomes Gender and the Therapeutic Relationships Racial and Ethnic Variables in Therapeutic Effectiveness Case Study: A Positive Therapeutic Relationship Summary Integrative Questions References Part 3: EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE WITH SPECIAL CLIENT POPULATIONS Chapter 8: Evidence-Based Practice Wth Cluster B Personality Disorders The Four Types of Cluster B Personality Disorders Developmental Theories Explaining Cluster B Personality Disorders Treating Cluster B Personality Disorders: An Evidence-Based Practice Perspective Case Study: EBP With a Borderline Personality-Disordered Client Summary Integrative Questions References Chapter 9: Evidence-Based Practice With Victims of Violence and Terrorism Understanding the Link Between Trauma and the Development of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder The Potential for Developing PTSD The Prevalence of PTSD The Impact of Recent Acts of Terrorism Case Study: Adapting to a Terrorist Attack Best Evidence of Effective Treatment for PTSD The Recovery Process Summary Integrative Questions References Chapter 10: Evidence-Based Practice With Substance Abusers Diagnostic Markers of Substance Abuse Best Evidence for the Treatment of Substance Abuse Case Study: A Brief Intervention After an Alcohol-Related Car Accident Research Problems and Best Evidence Summary Integrative Questions References Chapter 11: Evidence-Based Practice With Mental Illness and Mood Disorders The Extent and Impact of Mental Illness Definitions of Mental Illness and Mood Disorders Treatment Effectiveness Research Case Study: Spontaneous Remission From Mental Illness Summary Integrative Questions References Chapter 12: Evidence-Based Practice With Terminal Illness and Bereavement Terminal Illness A Case Study: EBP With Terminal Illness Bereavement Case Study: EBP With Prolonged Grief Summary Integrative Questions References Chapter 13: Evidence-Based Practice With Anxiety and Depression in Older Adults Anxiety in Older Adults Best Evidence for the Treatment of Anxiety With an Older Adult Population Case Study: Anxiety in an Older Client Depression in Older Adults Best Evidence for Treating Depression in Older Clients Case Study: Depression in an Older Adult Single-Subject Approaches to Evaluate Depression in Older Adults A Goal Attainment Scale Measuring Improvement in Depression How to Calculate the Overall Gain Made on a Goal Attainment Scale Summary Integrative Questions References Part 4: EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE AND ALTERNATIVE APPROACHES TO HELPING Chapter 14: Evidence-Based Practice and the Significance of Religion and Spirituality Definitions of Spirituality and Religious Involvement The Impact of Spirituality and Religious Involvement on Physical and Mental Health Case Study: A Client Using Religion to Cope With a Traumatic Childhood Why Does Religious and Spiritual Involvement Impact Physical and Mental Health? Should Issues of Religion and Spirituality Be Included in the Work of the Helping Professions? Case Study: Religious Issues Discussed in Treatment Problematic Research Issues Summary Integrative Questions References Chapter 15: Evidence-Based Practice and the Effectiveness of Indigenous Helpers and Self-Help Groups Self-Help Groups The Indigenous Leaders of Self-Help Groups Case Study: An Indigenous Helper Starts a Self-Help Group Best Evidence of the Effectiveness of Self-Help Groups Q and A With the Author About the Meaning of These Studies Case Study: Referral of a Client to a Self-Help Group for Severe Depression Summary Integrative Questions References Part 5: EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE AND FUTURE TRENDS, SOCIAL INVOLVEMENT, AND FINAL WORDS Chapter 16: The Future of Psychotherapy The Need for Practice Research Alternative Ideas for Research on Treatment Efficacy The Future of the Helping Professions A Case Study: An Incompetent Worker Treats Chronic Depression A Different Kind of Future: Workers Share Their Thoughts Summary Integrative Questions References Chapter 17: Some Final Words Social Involvement Avoiding Serious Practice Issues Final Words Summary Integrative Questions References About the Author Index

Product Details

  • publication date: 19/10/2004
  • ISBN13: 9780761930259
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 352
  • ID: 9780761930259
  • weight: 794
  • ISBN10: 0761930256

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  • 1st Class Delivery: Yes
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