In God's Name: Genocide and Religion in the Twentieth Century (War and Genocide v. 4)
By: Omer Bartov (editor), Phyllis Mack (editor)Paperback
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Despite the widespread trends of secularization in the 20th century, religion has played an important role in several outbreaks of genocide since the First World War. And yet, not many scholars have looked either at the religious aspects of modern genocide, or at the manner in which religion has taken a position on mass killing. This collection of essays addresses this hiatus by examining the intersection between religion and state-organized murder in the cases of the Armenian, Jewish, Rwandan, and Bosnian genocides. Rather than a comprehensive overview, it offers a series of descrete, yet closely related case studies, that shed light on three fundamental aspects of this issue: the use of religion to legitimize and motivate genocide; the potential of religious faith to encourage physical and spiritual resistance to mass murder; and finally, the role of religion in coming to terms with the legacy of atrocity.
Omer Bartov is John P. Birkelund Distinguished Professor of History at Brown University. He was a Visiting Fellow at the Davis Center, Princeton University, and a Junior Fellow at Harvard's Society of Fellows. Phyllis Mack is Professor of History, Director of Graduate Studies and has been Acting Director of the Institute for Research on Women at the Rutgers Center for Historical Analysis.
Introduction Omer Bartov and Phyllis Mack PART I - The Perpetrators: Theology and Practice Chapter 1. Religion, Ethnicity, and Nationalism: Armenians, Turks, and the End of the Ottoman Empire Ronald Grigor Suny Chapter 2. Genocide, Religion, and Gerhard Kittel: Protestant Theologians Face the Third Reich Robert P. Ericksen Chapter 3. When Jesus Was an Aryan: The Protestant Church and Antisemitic Propaganda Susannah Heschel Chapter 4. A Pure Conscience Is Good Enough: Bishop von Galen and Resistance to Nazism Beth Griech-Polelle Chapter 5. Between God and Hitler: German Military Chaplains and the Crimes of the Third Reich Doris L. Bergen Chapter 6. Christian Churches and Genocide in Rwanda Timothy Longman Chapter 7. The Churches and the Genocide in the East African Great Lakes Region Charles de Lespinay Chapter 8. Kosovo Mythology and the Bosnian Genocide Michael Sells Part II. Survival: Rescuers and Victims Chapter 9. The Absorption of Armenian Women and Children into Muslim Households As a Structural Component of the Armenian Genocide Ara Sarafian Chapter 10. Transcending Boundaries: Hungarian Roman Catholic Religious Women and the Persecuted OnesA" Jessica A. Sheetz-Nguyen Chapter 11. Denial and Defiance in the Work of Rabbi Regina Jonas Katharina von Kellenbach Chapter 12. A Personal Account Gabor Vermes Part III. Aftermath: Politics, Faith, and Representation Chapter 13. Zionist and Israeli Attitudes Toward the Armenian Genocide Yair Auron Chapter 14. Faith, Religious Practices, and Genocide: Armenians and Jews in France following World War I and II Maud Mandel Chapter 15. Orthodox Jewish Thought in the Wake of the Holocaust: Tamim Pa'alo of 1947 Gershon Greenberg Chapter 16. Jewish-American Artists and the Holocaust: The Responses of Two Generations Matthew Baigell Chapter 17. The Journey to Poland Michal Govrin Conclusion Ian Kershaw List of Contributors Index
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- ID: 9781571813022
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