Explaining how the U.S. withdrawal from the Middle East could have long-term consequences as other forces come forward to fill the gap, Russell A. Berman details how the retreat began and how the reduction of the U.S. commitment has, in turn, set off a wave of repercussions.
He analyses what motivates such a retreat, how much it is a choice of the Obama administration, and how much it is rooted in U.S. cultural leanings that could outlast the administration.
In Retreat warns not only about changing evaluations about this specific corner of the globe but also about predispositions to retreat from politics altogether, from the burden of leadership, and from the advocacy for democracy.
Russell A. Berman is the Walter A. Haas Professor in the Humanities at Stanford University, USA, a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution, and a member of the Herbert and Jane Dwight Working Group on Islamism and the International Order. He is the author of Freedom or Terror: Europe Faces Jihad. He lives in Stanford, California, USA.